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Howard

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Everything posted by Howard

  1. These popped up yesterday in mulch under a maple tree, but mycelium is attached to mulch.Weather had been below freezing for several days with a few inches of snow, but warmed up to the 40's F. Mushrooms freeze at night and turn whitish, but redden when warmed during day. Pileus is convex when young, becoming flat with age. Caps are reddish brown early, becoming whiter and dry with slightly depressed centers (not striate or scaly). Stipes are curved, central, hollow and stringy with no real ring zone and no ring. Gills are notched and adnexed and are nearly distant, with short gills. Some gills appear split near the stipe. smell is no destinctive, taste is "mushroomy". Spore print is fleshy buff. Thought it might be an Agrocybe species, but spore print is too light colored.
  2. Hi goldfinch. I think Dave's suggestion is a good possibility, although your sample seems to have a smoother cap, with less cracking that is typical of P. robiniae. Your proposal of P. igniarius appears to be likely. There are numerous observations of P. igniarius in the UK on iNaturalist (there are also a few sightings of P. robiniae there as well). The ones shown at this site are very similar to yours and may also be shiny due to wetness: https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/36199494 These seem to have a lot lighter colored pore surface than yours, however.
  3. I don't wish to disparage Dave's proposal of Cantharellus cibarius, which does appear to be a high probability, but there may be another possibility: Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca: https://www.mushroomexpert.com/hygrophoropsis_aurantiaca.html. To me the yellow ones seem to be fairly flimsy and thin capped and not "hard-fleshed...sturdy", as Mushroom Expert describes chanterelles. The stipe seems to be thinner than typical of chanterelles. The ones pictured here do seem to have false gills, indicative of chanterelles, but as brendan suggested, it is can be difficult to differentiate false from true gills in photographs. Fr_o_sty didn't provide any info on habitat, but if found in the same locale as the whiter mushrooms, which are shown with pine cones, the conifer habitat and acid heathland fits the H. aurantiaca species. Were the samples found growing from the ground or on well rotted wood and wood debris? To narrow down the possibilities, a heavy spore print may be helpful. Although chanterelles may have varied colored spores, including white, the H. aurantiaca will have a white print. Mushroom Observer doesn't show sightings of H. aurantiaca in Scotland, but iNaturalist has several observations in Scotland: https://www.inaturalist.org/taxa/63538-Hygrophoropsis-aurantiaca . If gathering these samples for the table, try cooking and eating a small amount at first, as H. aurantiaca is listed as edible (but not highly prized, as are chanterelles) by some authors, poisonous by others.
  4. Hi Rebeca, welcome to this site. I am no expert, especially on Nicaraguan fungi, but this looks like one of the maze pored polypores; possibly Daedaleopsis confragosa. I did not find these located in your country on any of the mushroom observation sites, but iNaturalist: https://www.inaturalist.org/taxa/124102-Daedaleopsis-confragosa shows it in adjoining countries. Mushroom Observer https://mushroomobserver.org/207169?q=12LwO has one maze-like polypore found in Nicaragua. It would be helpful to have more information to help ID the fungus. A photo showing it in situ is always helpful. Also a cross-section will show separation of the cap and the pore surface. Was it growing singly or did the tree have others nearby? If you rub or scratch the pore surface, does it stain (Daedaleopsis confragosa should stain brown)? Hope this helps and hope to see you at the forum in the future - this is a great site to meet people with this one common interest and find out about what you find in your locale.
  5. Kimon - The white substance on the coral looks like it could be the frothy foam produced as protection by nymphs of a species of "spittlebugs" in superfamily Cercopoidea: https://nature.mdc.mo.gov/discover-nature/field-guide/spittlebugs-and-froghoppers which includes spittlebugs and froghoppers. I've never seen them on fungus, but they suck juices from plants (usually non-woody plants like grasses, milkweed, legumes, etc.) and healthy mushrooms are loaded with juicy moisture. If you were to brush away the spit-like substance you may find a small green nymph hiding in the bubbles.
  6. One mushroom you should be able to find in cold weather in your area is Flammulina velutipes, commonly known as Velvet foot or Winter mushroom: https://www.messiah.edu/Oakes/fungi_on_wood/gilled fungi/species pages/Flammulina velutipes.htm These grow throughout the winter, as the common name implies. These are sold commercially as Enotake, Enokitake or Enoki. They are considered a choice, sweet, meaty mushroom, but they, too, are rather small in size. I found these on a rotting willow log in my wood pile last winter. Pictures are during freezing weather and then after a mild thaw; both pics from early January. This mushroom has been found in Pa., as evidenced by this post on Mushroom Observer by our friend Dave W.: https://mushroomobserver.org/365866?q=11gqQ
  7. I agree with Dave on both counts. The last pics appear to be an old, shriveled G. frondosa. I looks just like this one I found late last October. I think some animal had been chewing on it.
  8. Diana, I have doubts about your proposal of Pulchroboletus rubicitrius. That species is said to stain blue when cut. You might take a look at Leccinellum crocipodium, which has the pink staining flesh your photo shows.https://boletes.wpamushroomclub.org/product/leccinellum-crocipodium/ says this is found in Florida.
  9. No gabagool, I'm in Wisconsin. I have not found a single hen this year, except for the one baby above. I have been nursing it along, hoping nobody takes it or vandalizes it (it's right along a well used trail). Here is the latest shot. It finally looks like fronds, but the whole thing is only as big as my fist.
  10. Hi Olena. Those mushrooms look just like the ones I posted: https://wildmushroomhunting.org/index.php?/topic/6562-clitocybe-species-or-not/ . How did they smell? taste? I did not get as aggressive a spore print as you did. If these are the same as mine, mark your calendar and look for them next year in the same place.
  11. I agree Dig, looks like Agaricus sp. It is hard to tell species without seeing it matured. I vote for Agaricus fissuratus, often confused with A. arvensis, which is called "Horse Mushroom". It looks like the gills have the pale pink color, but they seem to be browning near the stipe. Bitcat, more info would be helpful: clear view of mature gills, a cross section, a look at the entire stipe, a spore print, smell and taste.
  12. Thanks Dave & JOHNY, I was hoping the specimens in my original posting that were found last year would reappear this fall. Just like clockwork, these incredibly dependable mushrooms showed up at exactly the same place at the same date on the calendar - October 20 +/-. They are in the same partial fairy ring in the same part of the woods. They had a much more favorable flowery fragrance than I remembered from last year. I was intent on getting a spore print and planned to use the curly stiped one above, but I was startled by a coyote and dropped it while trying to coral and leash my dogs, so I lost it. The ones I did use didn't give me a very heavy print after 24 hours; maybe they weren't mature enough. Spores look pretty white on the black background and I don't see too much contrast with the white background. I'm trying for another print now. I did cook & eat a small batch and they were very tasty, with a unique taste that was not so much mushroomy. The flesh was chewy but not what I would call tough. I liked them enough to go out and collect enough for a meal!
  13. I agree Renee, looks like Matsutake (Tricholoma murrillianum) to me.
  14. I've been frantically searching for Hens that seem to have flown the coop. Beginning in early September, I started checking all the old haunts from last year and found nothing! By mid-October I was ready to give up; I was so disappointed. Then on October 14, something caught my eye below a tree where I found this beautiful little "Hen of the Woods" on September 18 last year: In the same crotch of the roots of the same tree a tiny gob of brain-like tissue peaked out of the fallen leaves. I have been watching it for the last four days, but it hasn't blossomed much: None of the other regular Hen houses have signs of the late hatching birds' wings. Although I have regained some faith in the Hens, they had better hurry if they want to grow up big enough for me to eat them before they are covered with snow!
  15. Hi Dilini, welcome to this mushroom site. You will have a better chance of ID-ing an unknown mushroom on the "Identifying Mushrooms" section of the site. That is where the most knowledgeable mushroom people look to help posters ID their finds. In addition, the picture you posted is not sufficient to make a positive ID. Ideally, we would like to see several photos from various angles, especially the underside of the cap, and the entire stem, including any portion underground. A cross section photo is often helpful. Whether a mushroom stains when cut or bruised will help with ID. Your photo shows these growing in grass which tells us the environment they grow in, but info on what the mushroom is growing on and what kinds of trees are in the area is very helpful. Odor and taste are often key indicators in identification (Yes you can nibble, chew, and spit a mushroom without adverse effects). A spore print is often one of the most valuable assets in identification. All that said, I can't give a confident opinion on your mushrooms. The fact that they are growing in the grass leads me to think they may be some species of Agaricus, but there may be other genera these may fall under. see this site for info on Agaricus mushrooms: https://www.mushroomexpert.com/agaricus.html
  16. Last October 20 I found these forming a large arc in a clearing of a deciduous woods (mostly oak, maple elm, walnut, hickory) in Wisconsin. Weather had warmed to the 50's after cool temps early in Oct, with several frosts. They were fleshy, light buff-colored caps that were mostly circular and convex. There was no staining when cut and caps showed little bruising. Gills were adnexed (narrowly attached), crowded and not forked, but with many short gills. Gills get wavy approaching a very narrow sterile margin. Stipes were fairly cylindrical, solid and meaty, but somewhat fibrous inside. Stipes are especially fibrous on the outside with reddish brown tinted fibers, becoming darker in the mid-shaft and then whiten near the ground. I thought these were a species of Clitocybe; possibly C. robusta or C. gigantea or C. candida. There are some features that do not exactly match the descriptions of these at Mushroom Expert: https://www.mushroomexpert.com/clitocyboid.html Unfortunately, with my novice collecting practices at the time, I didn't get a spore print and I didn't take a cross-section shot. They had a mealy smell and taste, as I remember. I did dehydrate some, thinking I would eat them if I could get a positive ID.
  17. I agree SVS. These are probably an Agaricus species, not Calocybe gambosa "St. George's Mushroom" - Sorry berks! These are definitely out of season, as berks stated, which is from April to June. Berk's samples also have a partial veil, which is not found on C. gambosa (this is the "protective skin" that berks accurately credits the clever mushrooms for using to protect young gills). These are not St. George's, but they may be Agaricus arvensis, called "Horse Mushroom": https://www.first-nature.com/fungi/agaricus-arvensis.php . Be careful, though, this mushroom is often confused with Agaricus xanthodermus, known as the "Yellow Stainer": https://www.first-nature.com/fungi/agaricus-xanthodermus.php . It appears that the yellow stain on berks sample turned yellow, but fairly slowly, as opposed to the quick staining of A. xanthodermus. Berks also commented that the odor was mild, as store-bought mushrooms. A. xanthodermus will give off a phenol smell. These key facts may be enoiugh to rule out A. xanthodermus.
  18. Skrunt, this seems to be an example of Polyporus badius, but it looks old and degraded. Usually this species will be more reddish or liver-colored on the top, approaching black in the center. The fruiting surface of P. badius has such small pores, they are almost invisible without magnification. The underside will become yellowed with age and eventually show rot, as your sample does. The stipe is not shown in your photos, but will be black if this is P. badius, giving it its common names of black-footed polypore or black-leg. See info at: https://www.mushroomexpert.com/polyporus_badius.html
  19. Hi Wesley. Your proposal of Leocopaxillus is reasonable. Your samples do demonstrate the easily separable gill layer, which is consistent with the genus leocopaxillus, but do not seem to have the yellowish gills or the swollen middle of the stipe typical of L.tricolor. Perhaps these are another species of the Leocopaxillus genus, for instance L.albissimus, L. paradoxus, or L. giganteus. Additional information would be helpful (environment found in, substrate, cross section, description of smell (many Leocopaxillus have a foul, "coal tar" smell), taste (nibble & spit - do not swallow), and spore print. You have quite a nice variety of mushrooms on your table. If you collect for consumption, be careful confirm their ID. Be sure to not confuse these with the genus Paxillus, as most of those species are known to be poisonous or inedible.
  20. Hi Skrunt, welcome to this site with this first ID post. I think what you have there is the start of a blooming of Cerioporus squamosus, aka Polyporus squamosus and commonly called Dryad's Saddle and Pheasant Back. In a matter of days this mass will fill out to take on the bracket shape. You will find this fungus has a smell similar to watermelon rind. Below are photos of the same mushroom taken a week apart, with the bracket fully formed.. When the bracket is developed you will see the pores on the underside. Often after rains this polypore will become saturated and shed water, as below.
  21. https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwiX-bj5_pLlAhWVup4KHeK1B4UQMwhOKAAwAA&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bbc.co.uk%2Fnews%2Fav%2Fworld-europe-24292021%2Fgiant-mushroom-found-in-polish-forest&psig=AOvVaw0TiQ39vg0yR9n8mte13AGT&ust=1570841557996480&ictx=3&uact=3
  22. Hello Petey, Those are a species of coprinoid mushrooms, which are commonly called "Inky caps" because as they age they autolyze or self digest. The caps will seem to melt and drip "ink" off the stipes, sometimes leaving a "forest of stems". It usually takes only a couple of days to deliquesce after they bloom, en masse, following heavy rains. They typically will fruit around tree stumps and will seem to follow the roots, as they do in your photo. These may be Coprinellus micaceus which gets its species name and its common name of "mica cap" because of a dusting of fine glistening particles on the caps (especially near the canter) of young specimens. They tend to easily wash of with rains, and I don't find them present on your samples. They may also be another coprinoid mushroom: Coprinopsis atramentaria. This one is thought to be the one that gives the coprinoid mushrooms the name "inky caps". Both of these are considered to be non-toxic, but some people may have adverse gastric episodes from eating them, especially if you drink alcohol within about 48 hours before or after consuming the C. atramentaria, which has earned itself the common name "Tippler's Bane" for its effects on drinkers who consume it. Also they are best to harvest before they age and become slimy. See info at Mushroom Expert: https://www.mushroomexpert.com/coprinopsis_atramentaria.html I see you are from Cornwall. We vacationed there last summer and loved every minute and can't wait to go back. Good luck with your mushroom hunting.
  23. Yeah bobby, I'm sticking with Laccaria and if not L. laccata var. pallidifolia , then I think some very near relative variety. These are called "Deceivers" because of the variation in color an shape they are found to have. I found this link and these again look like they fit the descriptions: https://www.first-nature.com/fungi/laccaria-laccata.php . This site notes that Laccaria translates to 'lacquer'. These do appear to be lustrous, like lacquer, but not waxy and slippery when wet, like Hygrophoraceae waxcaps.
  24. SVS - Thanks for the input, but I am not sold on the Armillaria suggestion for the reasons you noted. I found this species that is reminiscent of mine: http://www.mykoweb.com/CAF/species/Laccaria_laccata.html . Check some of the photos at bottom of the page (very similar). If not this species, I'd bet they are in the Laccaria genus. They were found in an area with many Laccaria ochropurpurea. I found some more today that were a little lighter tan & not so orange in the same small wooded area:
  25. I found these near the edge of a small suburban woods, usually growing in small clusters of two or three. Trees nearby were mostly oak, maple, willow, and elm, with some hickory and walnut. They have distant, subdecurrent gills, with many short gills and cross veins. Caps are deeply depressed, but not funnel-shaped; more umbrella-like. Stipes are hollow and very fibrous. The smell was fragrant and mild and the taste was not distinctive, but pleasant. Flesh is thin and fairly tough, but "crisp" and snaps easily and not fibrillose. Spore print is white. I first thought this might be one of the Hygrocybe genus called "waxcaps", possibly Hygrocybe coccineocrenata, but am leaning more towards Cantharellus tubaeformis, although they do not seem to match some of the criteria for C. tubaeformis. Any suggestions greatly appreciated.
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