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  2. This mushroom had a waxy fragile cap, and a pinkish tan spore print. It was found in Oklahoma, on the hardwood oak/hickory forest floor, in early fall. As far as I could tell it exuded no milky latex.
  3. Today
  4. This seems to be the most obvious reason for there being mushrooms in similar wooded settings and not in others.
  5. I would wonder about Black Walnut. It produces a toxin that kills plants around it, but I don’t know if that toxin effects fungi. Also wondering if cattle grazing causes soil compaction which inhibit spore inoculation. Horse grazing does not seem to have that effect. The most heavily grazed part of my pasture produced a plentiful supply of meadow mushrooms after each rain (very dry summer here). Obviously the mycorrhizal species would not likely colonize until their associated tree species appear. And even then, spores would have to be blown in.
  6. Good eye on the veil remnants Dave...totally missed them.
  7. But this post doesn't show a cut mushroom so how are the responses already ruling out augustus?
  8. If you cut shaggy parasol you will see the cut piece go from white to yellow to red.
  9. Sounds like you found the mother lode. Lucky you.
  10. Now you're talking my language. ooooo...sauerkraut and pidpenky pierogies....drool
  11. I just cut off most of the stem and throw them in the dehydrator. If they are big I might cut them in half. I like them better rehydrated than fresh, texture nice and firm. When I dehydrate mushrooms I dry them till they are cracker dry then vacuum them in pint or quart vacuum bags for storage.
  12. Yep cort would be my suggestion.
  13. Hi all from southern Ontario, Wondering if anyone can help me determine if the mushrooms I’ve found under some scots pine trees are the edible gray triches. The spores are white and the gills are light gray. many thanks!
  14. At first glance this looks to me very similar to agaricus augustus. Can someone explain to me how this is not considered?
  15. Found in the leaf litter close to a bunch of blewits. I'm guessing Cortinarius based off of another recent post in this forum.
  16. Thank you Dave!. As a certain comic might say-- "Very nice". Thanks for the links. I'm getting excited about this. It seems like it could work out well for student honor's projects (that is once we are all vaccinated...). I'm seeing several active projects close to me. In fact, the closest appears to be a community college club.
  17. I have heard that it can takes decades for mushrooms to grow in an area previous grazed by cattle. In our area Aspen and white spruce quickly grow in field that is abandoned. Eventually, lesser numbers of red maple, small willows, balsam fir and occasionally ash or oak will follow. There is a ten acre area on my property that was obviously grazed by cattle 20 years ago. It is filling in quickly with trees but there are zero mushrooms still.
  18. halcyon1234 I have never tried to figure out how long these puffballs remain white after reaching their full size. I would guess it varies a lot depending on how warm the weather is. Wild guess--the window might range from less than a day in warm weather to a few days in cold weather. Regarding whether fruit bodies that have developed beyond the all-white stage would make you really sick--Dave W's comment above that they can cause indigestion is the conventional wisdom, and I have never challenged it. That said, I did once read somewhere that more developed puffballs are sometimes favo
  19. I suggest obtaining a spore print. The toxic Chlorophyllum molybdites has a green print. The other species of Chlorophyllum have white prints. Also, genus Macrolepiota may be considered here. In my area, these classic "Parasol Mushrooms" have flattened scales on the stalks that often form a zig-zag pattern. But, there may be other types that occur worldwide. Where is Chelmsford? Also, genus Lepiota --some dangerously toxic species-- features mushrooms that somewhat resemble Macrolepiota or Chlorophyllum. Generally, Lepiota mushrooms are smaller. But, it's definitely recommended that
  20. As suggested, Armillaria may be dehydrated and saved for future use. They also freeze well. Par-boil before wrapping portions tightly in plastic wrap. I then cover with foil as it helps keep things wrapped tightly in the freezer.
  21. Here's a paper on amyloid/dextrinoid reactions using Meltzer's, Lugol's, or just plain iodine. https://namyco.org/docs/Melzer__Lugo.pdf I see there's a photo showing a "dextrinoid" reaction with Lugol's applied to Amanita frostiana spores. Champignons du Quebec says A. frostiana in non-reactive in Meltzer's. I have tested spores of A. frostiana (as it looks a lot like A. flavoconia, which has amyloid spores). I have not ever noticed a dextrinoid reaction with A. frostiana spores in Meltzer's. So, I suspect there are possibly false-positive results associated with Lugol's. In the example bei
  22. Yeah, I think I see a greenish tinge on the gills. This would indicate the likelihood of Hypholoma fasciculare (Sulphur Tuft).
  23. Great Rondayvous! I will be out today getting some. I can probably pick 10 pounds, they're everywhere. I did notice the deer eating them though. Glad to hear no moisture issues. Also heard they can be bitter if not cooked good. The ones i have found are on maple and beech trees. These (to me anywho) signify the last of the mushrooms in my area. So sad!!! Well there's always April morel season to look forward to :)
  24. This looks like one of the species commonly called Shaggy Parasol in the genus Chlorophyllum. I don't know what species are possible at your location, but the ones I'm familiar with stain pink or red when cut, especially at the base of the stalk. A spore print would be useful; white would rule out the green-spored C. molybdites.
  25. I suspect that it has more to do with soil conditions than tree species, unless you are dealing with a monoculture. I live near a forest of mostly alder, cherry, and cottonwood trees that has practically no mushrooms growing from the ground; but I've found plenty of mushrooms in similar habitats in other parts of the Lower Mainland. Conifer and mixed conifer/deciduous woods seem to produce more mushrooms than deciduous only, at least for fall mushrooms.
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