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  2. "Free gills" means that the gills do not reach the stalk. Thus, the gills are "free" of the stalk rather than "attached." There are various categories of attachment, including a few that are often difficult to distinguish from free. For example, "sinuate" gills are tapered near the stalk and attached thinly, sometimes by only a threadlike portion of the gill. "Seceding" gills means the gills had originally been attached but the attachment broke making the gills appear to be free of the stalk. Pluteus gills are rounded/tapered and terminate 1 or more mm away from the stalk. There's usually a thin smooth annular region on the underside of the cap between the rounded gill-ends and the stalk. But with a young unexpanded cap the annular region may not be evident and the "attachment" may be difficult to assess. The photo shows gills of a mature Pluteus mushroom.
  3. By free gills, if you mean there is space between the gills, there was. These pictures were taken on December 9 and are all that I have. The original ground had two year old wood chips from a bay tree. I put organic mulch and potting soil on top of that. I thought maybe it came from the mulch I bought. I’ve had a variety of other little mushrooms pop up but nothing remotely similar to this or of this size
  4. I'd say Pluteus species, although seeing the underside straight on so that gill attachment (presumably "free") would be helpful. Pluteus petasatus is found in a variety of habitat including on the ground (probably from buried wood). Usually, the caps of P. petasatus feature a pale ground color with dark scales concentrated near the disc. The ones seen here look to be dark for this species. There are quite a few Pluteus species; many are not generally featured in field guides.
  5. Was there a lot of woody mulch already in/on the ground? I'd like to see a pic showing if the gills are attached or free. Lots of mulch and free gill in urban area....might be Pluteus petasatus
  6. I found these growing in my flower bed when I was mulching it with leaves this past fall. I used only organic soil and mulch from Home Depot in the Sacramento area.
  7. The photos are clear and focused, but they all show basically the same level of detail... caps of small brown mushrooms in-situ. I can also see a bit of detail of the undersides, enough to tell that these mushrooms have yellowish to pale brown gills. Need to see more detail, including spore print color. And even then it may be necessary to use a microscope to narrow down the ID. Ideas...? I think these are a brown-spored type. Possibilities include Tubaria species, Galerina marginata (deadly poisonous if eaten), Kuehneromyces species, Pholiota species.
  8. I found these in late fall in Connecticut. They are growing in wood chips. Maybe around October November. They are still there right now in January, only they are a little more aged and weathered because the winter hit them. Some caps are small about the size of a penny and some are larger the size of the palm of my hand. They have that wavy cap. I'm sorry, I didn't get a spore print when I took these pictures because I didn't think they were anything, but then It later hit me to post them up on here for some help with identification. I'm not sure if I can get a spore print now because they are all soggy and half rotten. Can someone please help me out with what they might be?
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  10. Very likely one of the eastern NA "Destroying Angel" species, all are deadly. The toxin destroys your liver, and also damages other organs. To be sure of the ID, it is desirable to see the entire stipe, including --most importantly-- the base. Destroying Angel mushrooms feature a sack-like basal volva. There are other types of Amanita mushrooms that are nearly or completely white. A. aestivalis has a basal bulb that lacks a sack and tends to vertically split into a "star" shape. Some species of section Roanokensis, Lepidella, and other former Lepidellas are white, but feature more prominent deposits on the cap surface and usually material that hangs from the margin of the cap (appendiculate deposits). A few species in section Vaginatae may produce white fruit bodies. These types have a striate (grooved) cap margin and lack partial veil (ie. no annulus on the stipe). Occasionally, a Destroying Angel may develop weather-induced short grooves along the cap margin. Amanita is a large challenging genus. Judging from the robust stature, the stipe with flaky scales, and the really starkly white color, my guess is the ones seen here are A. amerivirosa. A. bisporigera is similar, but usually with a more slender stature. There are a few other species of eastern NA DAs.
  11. Looking at that bulging base, it’s an aminita
  12. This mushroom is from the edge of a beech/oak forest in Chester NY
  13. I'd like to see the entire fruit body from a few different perspectives. For this one, the shape would be important. I'm guessing it's shaped kinda like a skull, with the lower part somewhat narrower than the upper 1/2-2/3. Judging from the green grass and clover I'd say this was probably photographed during late summer or early fall. There are two species that come to mind, Calvatia craniiformis http://www.mushroomexpert.com/calvatia_craniiformis.html or Calvatia cyathiformis http://www.mushroomexpert.com/calvatia_cyathiformis.html Either of these forms fairly large skull-shaped "puffballs", and the outer surface may be either smooth or cracked like a mosaic pattern (like the one seen). But, like I began, seeing more detail is necessary for a more confident ID proposal. If by "common earthball" you mean Sclerodeerma citrinum, then I think the answer is "no." Scleroderma species mostly grow in woodland settings. Judging from the visual comparison of this fruit with the surrounding clover, I think this is significantly larger than one would expect for a Scleroderma "earthball."
  14. Is it a common earthball? Found in a hayfield in Chester NY
  15. The one with the upturned gills is well past prime. Mushrooms in this condition can be very difficult to ID. But, the cap surface looks somewhat like the other younger one. So, it's likely these represent the same species. The ring on the upper stalk of the younger one looks to be brown, probably because brown spores have fallen from the gills and stuck to it. I think these may be a species of genus Pholiota.
  16. Hi guys, I’m very new to mushroom hunting but I’m trying to learn what I can. Today after many days of rain I found some mushrooms I’ve never seen or maybe just never noticed before. I’m not sure if they are the same in different stages or different all together. Please don’t kill me for my lack of knowledge as I’m just starting learning. One is about 2 1/4” inches long with the cap about an 1 1/4”. It looks like it’s almost a light/medium tan with slight peach coloring especially on the fins. The other is about 1 1/4” with the cap about 1 1/2” and it looks like the cap is almost inverting with the fins growing over the cap. It’s more of an orange color and the fins seem to be more non uniform than the other. Any help is greatly appreciated, thank you!
  17. First 8 bags of chestnuts I did look like they are infected. Other 8 seem fine. Oyster buckets are just starting to pin.
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  19. Its the dead of winter, going through photos on my phone and wanted to share this with you all. A fun picture, a gentle reminder : although conditions may call for a flush, the mushrooms have a life of their own. It was a fun trip none the less. Hope you are doing well 🙂🍄
  20. Aside from having a very similar Appearance, Exidia recisa/crenata and Auricularia tend to fruit during similar cool/damp conditions. Auricularia has flesh that is firmer. The (usually) convex side has a floury matte appearance. I have dried/rehydrated Exidia recisa/crenata for use in soup, the same as I do with Auricularia. The quality of Exidia is not as good as Tree Ear, which has a pleasing crunchy texture. But, it's similar.
  21. I could see how some of the larger ones (like in the last photo) could be mistaken for Woodear (Auricularia).
  22. Looks like there are several guides available. Judy Hall Jacobson has written several: Common Mushrooms of Alaska Mushrooms and other Fungi of Alaska Edible Mushrooms of Alaska Other guides include: Alaska’s Mushrooms,a Wide Ranging Guide, by Gary A. Laursen and Neil McArthur The Alaskan Mushroom Hunter’s Guide, by Ben Guild i don’t know what’s online, but I’d check out these guides and buy the best of them
  23. Called either Exidia recisa or E. crenata. My understanding is the latter is the currently accepted name. This is a common damp, cool/cold weather species. Fruits on hardwood, often during winter thaws.
  24. Wow! I'll need a whole week to digest all this! Thanks again! 🙂
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