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  2. I'd say you are making a very sensible plan. Others will disagree, but I mainly go out targeting one or two choice edible species but try hit areas where other edibles may also come into the mix. Like any other forager, I have my year to year honey holes for various species and if it's a good year I will specifically target these areas with one species in mind. I can't recall too many times where I went to my hydnum spots and didn't come away with some leccinums and other boletes or go for chanterelles and not come away with a good haul of agaricus varieties etc. The nice thing about wild mushrooms is that whether you target one species or several, there is a good chance that your walk will provide some unexpected bounty. For my first several years, I stuck to about 5 or 6 varieties of mushrooms similar to your list above. I ate very well and always had a bounty of dried and frozen mushrooms through the winter. Good luck!! If you are willing to pick mushrooms that are new to you and will require ID at home, bring a 2nd basket to put them in just in case.
  3. As a newbie, I’m curious, do you have or develop a hunting strategy before going out? My approach this fall was to concentrate on hemlock forests to look for hedgehogs (Hydnum umbilicatum) because that’s one species I could ID. I did pick some other mushrooms there also to bring home to ID, even though I didn’t eat them. These included some past prime honey mushrooms, a small crested coral, and some in the Suillus group. In the spring I’ll focus on morels, in summer on milky and chanterelles, and in the fall on hedgehogs and Siullus, as well as chicken of the woods and hen of the woods. And will pick others for ID and to further my knowledge. I’m studying milky and boletes extensively this winter, and hope to find some of those. Do you head out focusing on one or two species, but willing to harvest other things to encounter? Or do you just go out to see what you can find?
  4. Last week
  5. An old mushroom like this is unlikely to exhibit the traits one generally finds listed in field guides. It's not unusual for a large, robust, thick-fleshed fruit body to dry in-situ, become hard or leathery, and then soften up when the weather is moist. For some particularly fleshy types this process may be repeated several times. We're not gonna reach a confident ID on this. But I think Abortiporus biennis is a reasonable proposal. This species forms large fleshy fruit bodies of variable shape. It has large pores that would not be unlikely to tear apart and look like what is seen in the second photo down. I do see what appears to be a white spore deposit. Any green tint is probably a mold that has colonized the spore mass. If this is A. biennis, your guess is as good as mine as to whether it will appear again in the same spot. This is a saprobic species, and as such will thrive only while certain nutrients are still present in this spot. If it does show up again, difficult to say at what time of year. Observations of A. biennis are not very common. And, impossible to say with confidence that the mushroom is A. biennis. Although I don't think this is a gilled mushroom, I have seen old clusters of Armillaria that had persisted though months of winter weather. I would not rule out this possibility. Something as beat-up as this... it's all guesswork. But, if it comes back and you find an example in better condition, I'd sure be interested in seeing some photos.
  6. Dave, Thanks for the response. After looking at some images online, they appear to be very similar to Pholiota lenta, and Pluteus. I already had some oysters in my basket, and not sure of what these were, I didn't want to get them in the mix.. I will have to get a couple samples next time and check the spore print.
  7. Thanks Dave, I returned to inspect it more closely and I'm not sure if this mushroom was even toothed originally. The bottom portion looks as if it could have been gilled. That being said it almost looks like the largest and I'm presuming oldest parts of it had tooth projections so it's possible those were teeth that hadn't elongated yet. It was also closer to the tree than I remember, just a foot away. I rolled it over and it does appear it was growing out of the ground and not an exposed root. It did engulfed a fair large number of sticks, nuts and other forest flotsam underneath it though. Correct me if I'm wrong, but I noticed that many mushrooms become hard when they age, but this mushroom was very soft and moist. I read that Abortiporus biennis oozes liquid when fresh. Would this liquid effect it's decomposition and make it more moist and possibly lend credence to the idea that it's Abortiporus biennis? If I return in the upcoming fall or summer is it likely that it regrow in the same place? Considering that state it's in I think that's the only way it'll ever be Identified.
  8. First five photos (top down) remind me of Pholiota lenta, a species with a thin fibrous partial veil that quickly collapses onto the stalk. The result is a ring-zone reminiscent of what is typically seen on Cortinarius mushrooms. I find this species fairly late in the season here in PA (late October through November). Phoilita mixta is a similar species that has a biut more brown on the cap. Seems like a potential match for the mushrooms in the top five photos here https://www.mycoquebec.org/bas.php?trie=P&l=l&nom=Pholiota mixta / Pholiote voisine&tag=Pholiota mixta&gro=35. Spore prints brown for these types of Pholiota. I think the last two photos show a different species. These look like Pluteus to me. Check for free gill attachment. Also, if Pluteus is correct the spore print would be tannish-pink.
  9. I found a large area of these mushrooms in different developmental stages. I’m not sure what they are. Maybe webcap? I’m not sure. A little help identifying them would be appreciated.
  10. Okay, another idea. I think this may be Abortiporus biennis http://www.mushroomexpert.com/abortiporus_biennis.html.
  11. As you suggest, likely too old/deteriorated for a confident ID proposal. But, nonetheless an interesting find. My guess is this has been in the spot where it was found for quite awhile, possibly months. If I'm interpreting the photo correctly, then the hymenium (underside) is composed of tooth-like projections. This could be because when the fruit body was healthy and approaching maturity it had this type of hymenium. Or, it could be that this fruit body is a type of polypore for which the walls composing the tubes (that terminate in the pores) elongate over time. This is not all that unusual for a variety of polypores. If this mushroom has truly tooth-like hymenium then my best guess is that it represents a species of genus Hydnellum. H. spongiosipes is a species that features fairly long spines on the undersides of the caps http://www.mushroomexpert.com/hydnellum_spongiosipes.html. It is an oak associate. Another type of "toothed" mushroom that forms fused clusters of dense-fleshed fruit bodies is genus Phellodon. But these types tend to have very short spines. Cerioporus squamosus (aka Polyporus squamosus) forms clusters of large mushrooms that may persist in-situ for extended periods and the pores may become elongated. But it would be very unusual for this species to fruit on the ground, even if there is buried wood. If anything else comes to mind, I'll revisit this discussion.
  12. Looks like a species of Chlorophyllum. If correct, then spore print color is important. C. molybdites --a toxic species-- has a green spore print. Other species of Chlorophyllum have white spore prints. There have been reports of white-spored Chlorophyllum mushrooms causing gastrointestinal distress for some people. Need to try cover a few more bases here. I'm assuming the mushrooms seen here are fairly large/robust. There are species of genus Lepiota that look somewhat similar to these. There are dangerously poisonous species of Lepiota, all of which are white spored. These Lepiota mushrooms are mainly small.
  13. This might be a difficult one considering how aged it is, but perhaps you guys might be able to identify just on it's size. This is probably the largest mushroom I've spotted so far since I started to take note of them. I came across this mushroom in early January just two feet away from what I believe was an oak tree. It appeared to be growing out of the ground and was of such a large circumference it even had some decent sized sticks stuck through it. By eye I would say it was a little over a foot in diameter and over half a foot high. The underside of the mushroom was toothed and white/yellowish brown in color. The fruiting bodies grew up and then out, drooping over one another. The bottom fruiting had a greenish white print left on them.
  14. Earlier
  15. Great information, thank you for taking the time. This is my first time encountering and attempting to ID this mushroom, so it’s very helpful to know what else is out there and similar. The field guide doesn’t cover everything!
  16. Assuming these all represent the same type of mushroom, they are Pluteus cervinus. This name actually applies to a group of closely related species. The key traits are: growth on wood (occasionally from buried wood or woody debris) and gills that terminate short of the stalk. This latter trait is generally referred to as "free gills", as the gills are free of the stalk. Spore print for all Pluteus species is deep tannish-pink, which is another useful trait. The mushrooms pictured here with inverted caps show free gills. There are other types of mushrooms that have free gills.... for example species of Amanita, Lepiota, Macrolepiota, Leucoagaricus, Volvariella, Chlorophyllum. Of these, only Volvariella has pink spore print and only Volvariella grows on wood. Entoloma mushrooms have pink spore prints. The gills of some Entoloma mushrooms have sinuate attachment, meaning the gills taper down to a very thin width at the point of attachment to the stalk. Sinuate gill attachment can appear to be free if not examined very closely. Many species of Entoloma are considered to be toxic. One sure way to distinguish Entoloma from Pluteus is by examining the spores with a microscope (400x magnification). Pluteus spores are round to elliptical in profile and smooth; Entoloma spores are angular in profile. Mushrooms representing species of genus Hebeloma often have a distinctly radish odor. Hebeloma mushrooms are toxic. They have light brown spore prints; do not grow on wood.
  17. The larger mushrooms have a very distinct radish smell, the smaller and darker do not poses that smell quite yet though smell “earthy.” Spore prints pending. All found on highly decaying hardwood within 10 yards of eachother.
  18. These look like Gomphus clavatus to me as well. I see hints of purple on my monitor?
  19. I think these are Cantharellus formosus, a species of yellow/golden chanterelle that is found in California http://www.mykoweb.com/CAF/species/Cantharellus_formosus.html. However, the photos are a bit washed out and not particularly well-focused; quite a bit of glare. Also, these mushrooms appear to be somewhat past prime; observable traits are eroded. So, there is room for some doubt about the ID. Gomphus clavatus is an unrelated --but somewhat similar-- species that usually has a lavender/purplish tint and a hymenium (underside of cap) composed of veins/wrinkles (false gills) that are less like true gills than the hymenium of Cantharellus formosus http://www.mykoweb.com/CAF/species/Gomphus_clavatus.html. Gomphus bonari is similar to G. clavatus, but with a scalier cap surface. The California Fungi website also features a couple species of Turbinellus (formerly classified as species of Gomphus) that are somewhat similar to the mushrooms seen here. What is the habitat where these mushrooms were collected? Type(s) of trees?
  20. These mushrooms look to be quite moist. Were they collected soon after rainfall? Also, wondering if maybe the mushrooms appear a little paler that in reality (perhaps due to photos being taken indoors). Habitat? Spore print color? Initial low-confidence guess... Lepista tarda (aka Clitocybe tarda).
  21. Very useful info, Blaise. I had not considered that sniffing these malodorous mushrooms could pose a health risk. There are other species that produce similar odors... Tricholoma odorum, Singerocybe adirondackensis come to mind. One type mushroom that I do avoid sniffing are the False Morel species of Gyromitra. These mushrooms don't smell bad, but they are known to contain a volatile toxin that may evaporate out of the fresh fruit bodies.
  22. Are these california golden chanterelles?
  23. The first time i heard about this mushrom was in martinique in 1987. My friends called it " girolles" or "chanterelles bord de mer" . Because it was very close to our trench chanterelle...After a barth in the caribean sea we went under the cocolabae trees to catch the chanterelles....we cooked it for dîner. Delicious. Today i went back at the same place...They still was there...
  24. Thanks Dave, very helpful comments. I took these things to the lab and asked my boss, a PH.D natural products chemist, about the smell. He immediately said hydrogen sulfide (rotten egg smell). We haven't verified that with scientific instrument however. We just wanted to get it out of the lab because it smelled so bad. LOL. Hydrogen sulfide is quite toxic to humans, especially in high amounts. It acts the same as carbon monoxide by binding with oxygen carrying molecules in the blood. In a high enough dose, a person can die with a single lung intake. Don't know if this mushroom can produce quite that much though. At minimum, I would advise people to handle in ventilated areas and to treat their smell like any unknown odor -- cautiously. On the plus side, such a disagreeable odor leaves an indelible mark on one's memory. This is an identification I will not soon forget.
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