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About Howard

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    Pleurotus Junior Member
  • Birthday 10/10/1955

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    Mushroom hunting and photographing
    Reading historical fiction

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  1. I agree SVS. These are probably an Agaricus species, not Calocybe gambosa "St. George's Mushroom" - Sorry berks! These are definitely out of season, as berks stated, which is from April to June. Berk's samples also have a partial veil, which is not found on C. gambosa (this is the "protective skin" that berks accurately credits the clever mushrooms for using to protect young gills). These are not St. George's, but they may be Agaricus arvensis, called "Horse Mushroom": https://www.first-nature.com/fungi/agaricus-arvensis.php . Be careful, though, this mushroom is often confused with Agaricus xanthodermus, known as the "Yellow Stainer": https://www.first-nature.com/fungi/agaricus-xanthodermus.php . It appears that the yellow stain on berks sample turned yellow, but fairly slowly, as opposed to the quick staining of A. xanthodermus. Berks also commented that the odor was mild, as store-bought mushrooms. A. xanthodermus will give off a phenol smell. These key facts may be enoiugh to rule out A. xanthodermus.
  2. Skrunt, this seems to be an example of Polyporus badius, but it looks old and degraded. Usually this species will be more reddish or liver-colored on the top, approaching black in the center. The fruiting surface of P. badius has such small pores, they are almost invisible without magnification. The underside will become yellowed with age and eventually show rot, as your sample does. The stipe is not shown in your photos, but will be black if this is P. badius, giving it its common names of black-footed polypore or black-leg. See info at: https://www.mushroomexpert.com/polyporus_badius.html
  3. Hi Wesley. Your proposal of Leocopaxillus is reasonable. Your samples do demonstrate the easily separable gill layer, which is consistent with the genus leocopaxillus, but do not seem to have the yellowish gills or the swollen middle of the stipe typical of L.tricolor. Perhaps these are another species of the Leocopaxillus genus, for instance L.albissimus, L. paradoxus, or L. giganteus. Additional information would be helpful (environment found in, substrate, cross section, description of smell (many Leocopaxillus have a foul, "coal tar" smell), taste (nibble & spit - do not swallow), and spore print. You have quite a nice variety of mushrooms on your table. If you collect for consumption, be careful confirm their ID. Be sure to not confuse these with the genus Paxillus, as most of those species are known to be poisonous or inedible.
  4. Hi Skrunt, welcome to this site with this first ID post. I think what you have there is the start of a blooming of Cerioporus squamosus, aka Polyporus squamosus and commonly called Dryad's Saddle and Pheasant Back. In a matter of days this mass will fill out to take on the bracket shape. You will find this fungus has a smell similar to watermelon rind. Below are photos of the same mushroom taken a week apart, with the bracket fully formed.. When the bracket is developed you will see the pores on the underside. Often after rains this polypore will become saturated and shed water, as below.
  5. https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwiX-bj5_pLlAhWVup4KHeK1B4UQMwhOKAAwAA&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.bbc.co.uk%2Fnews%2Fav%2Fworld-europe-24292021%2Fgiant-mushroom-found-in-polish-forest&psig=AOvVaw0TiQ39vg0yR9n8mte13AGT&ust=1570841557996480&ictx=3&uact=3
  6. Hello Petey, Those are a species of coprinoid mushrooms, which are commonly called "Inky caps" because as they age they autolyze or self digest. The caps will seem to melt and drip "ink" off the stipes, sometimes leaving a "forest of stems". It usually takes only a couple of days to deliquesce after they bloom, en masse, following heavy rains. They typically will fruit around tree stumps and will seem to follow the roots, as they do in your photo. These may be Coprinellus micaceus which gets its species name and its common name of "mica cap" because of a dusting of fine glistening particles on the caps (especially near the canter) of young specimens. They tend to easily wash of with rains, and I don't find them present on your samples. They may also be another coprinoid mushroom: Coprinopsis atramentaria. This one is thought to be the one that gives the coprinoid mushrooms the name "inky caps". Both of these are considered to be non-toxic, but some people may have adverse gastric episodes from eating them, especially if you drink alcohol within about 48 hours before or after consuming the C. atramentaria, which has earned itself the common name "Tippler's Bane" for its effects on drinkers who consume it. Also they are best to harvest before they age and become slimy. See info at Mushroom Expert: https://www.mushroomexpert.com/coprinopsis_atramentaria.html I see you are from Cornwall. We vacationed there last summer and loved every minute and can't wait to go back. Good luck with your mushroom hunting.
  7. Yeah bobby, I'm sticking with Laccaria and if not L. laccata var. pallidifolia , then I think some very near relative variety. These are called "Deceivers" because of the variation in color an shape they are found to have. I found this link and these again look like they fit the descriptions: https://www.first-nature.com/fungi/laccaria-laccata.php . This site notes that Laccaria translates to 'lacquer'. These do appear to be lustrous, like lacquer, but not waxy and slippery when wet, like Hygrophoraceae waxcaps.
  8. SVS - Thanks for the input, but I am not sold on the Armillaria suggestion for the reasons you noted. I found this species that is reminiscent of mine: http://www.mykoweb.com/CAF/species/Laccaria_laccata.html . Check some of the photos at bottom of the page (very similar). If not this species, I'd bet they are in the Laccaria genus. They were found in an area with many Laccaria ochropurpurea. I found some more today that were a little lighter tan & not so orange in the same small wooded area:
  9. I found these near the edge of a small suburban woods, usually growing in small clusters of two or three. Trees nearby were mostly oak, maple, willow, and elm, with some hickory and walnut. They have distant, subdecurrent gills, with many short gills and cross veins. Caps are deeply depressed, but not funnel-shaped; more umbrella-like. Stipes are hollow and very fibrous. The smell was fragrant and mild and the taste was not distinctive, but pleasant. Flesh is thin and fairly tough, but "crisp" and snaps easily and not fibrillose. Spore print is white. I first thought this might be one of the Hygrocybe genus called "waxcaps", possibly Hygrocybe coccineocrenata, but am leaning more towards Cantharellus tubaeformis, although they do not seem to match some of the criteria for C. tubaeformis. Any suggestions greatly appreciated.
  10. Yeah Pinecones, looks like a Lepiota species. I assume these were found in high elevation? They may be Lepiota clypeolaria, common name "Shaggy-Stalked Parasol", as you suggested above or L. magnispora. I would lean more to the L. magnispora, as there is a hint of yellowness and the very well contrasting center "eye", as per Mushroom Expert: https://www.mushroomexpert.com/lepiota_magnispora.html
  11. That's right - definitely not chanterelles. In fact the last pick is a different species than the first. It looks like a bit like a Lactarius, but not clear enough to tell. These are not the "Chantelles" the others were growing between??? Because they are not. The first specimens do not have false gills, like Chanterelles, and they are not decurrent gills; they are deeply notched and barely attached, if not free from the stipe. Not able to make a good proposal for them; maybe a Hygrocybe of some species. They look very slippery/slimy from the photos. Were they washed off before the photos? Looks like water droplets on and around them. Were they slimy before wetting them?
  12. I agree SVS. The last image is definitely not Lactarius. There appears to be a narrow movable ring on the stipe. Based on the free gills, smooth stipe with swollen base and close white gills, my guess is Leucoagaricus leucothites (naucina)https://www.mushroomexpert.com/leucoagaricus_leucothites.html. Or it could be a destroying angel. The other photos are Lactarius of some species. Could be Lactarius vietus?
  13. Minnood - It's hard to tell from the single picture posted. I think your pholiotina cyanopus proposal is possible, but I understand why you question it. Another possibility is something from the "mycenoid" species. Mycena haematopus comes to mind and Mushroom Observer shows observations in UK. Yours look to be more orange colored, tho. Also M. haematopus grows on dead hardwood, not in potting soil. Another Mycena possible is Mycena sanguinolenta. Unfortunately, both these species will "bleed" and I don't see sign of that in your photo. If you squeeze the stipe, it will stain your fingers purple. These may be some other Mycena species. Mycena tend to bloom in bunches, as you suggest with, " there’s tonnes of the blighters". Love how you Brits speak! Often, if they don't dry out or rot away, Mycena will be parasitized by Spinellus fusiger as in this photo: A spore print would be good to have. That will at least narrow down the field a little, as pholiotina cyanopus has brown spores and Mycena species will have white spore prints.
  14. Yes Matt, I agree with SVS. I am leaning toward the Hypholoma sublateritium known as "Brick Cap". The one in the third photo appears to have a fibrous zone near the apex that is darkened by dropped spores. Did you get a spore print. Most likely will be dark purple brown. See info on Brick Caps here: https://www.messiah.edu/Oakes/fungi_on_wood/gilled fungi/species pages/Hypholoma sublateritium.htm
  15. Hi coolslug. Making a spore print is simple to do. Take a piece of non-porous paper that will contrast with the spores of the mushroom specimen. If not sure whether the mushroom has light or dark spore, lay the cap (gills down) on half white and half black paper. You can also use aluminum foil, which will show either light or dark spore. You could also make the print on a glass microscope slide. The glass can be laid over either light or dark background. Once you have the mushroom cap on the print background, cover with a glass or bowl, to protect from drafts and air current, leaving one edge raised slightly to allow humidity to dissipate. Leave covered for several hours, up to 12 hours or more. The spores will deposit on the paper and can be compared or saved for future reference. See the info on spore prints at Mushroom Expert: https://www.mushroomexpert.com/studying.html
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