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clamp connection

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About clamp connection

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    Agaricus Newbie

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  • Location
    Upper Midwest
  • Interests
    from beetles to boletes

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  1. You find them between now and March? I won't find anything between now and March. I need to get the out of Minnesota...
  2. I dont think its Calocybe carnea. Starting to think they arent trich though. I got the trich field guide on interlibrary loan and these don't match up well to anything illustrated in there.
  3. Interesting, I knew it was introduced elsewhere but didnt know it was also introduced here. That led me to this abstract, which states its the only currently known (2009) invasive ectomycorrhizal mushroom in NA. But surely there will be more. Mol Ecol. 2009 Mar;18(5):817-33. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2008.04030.x. The ectomycorrhizal fungus Amanita phalloides was introduced and is expanding its range on the west coast of North America. Pringle A1, Adams RI, Cross HB, Bruns TD. The deadly poisonous Amanita phalloides is common along the west coast of North America. Death cap mushrooms are especially abundant in habitats around the San Francisco Bay, California, but the species grows as far south as Los Angeles County and north to Vancouver Island, Canada. At different times, various authors have considered the species as either native or introduced, and the question of whether A. phalloides is an invasive species remains unanswered. We developed four novel loci and used these in combination with the EF1α and IGS loci to explore the phylogeography of the species. The data provide strong evidence for a European origin of North American populations. Genetic diversity is generally greater in European vs. North American populations, suggestive of a genetic bottleneck; polymorphic sites of at least two loci are only polymorphic within Europe although the number of individuals sampled from Europe was half the number sampled from North America. Endemic alleles are not a feature of North American populations, although alleles unique to different parts of Europe were common and were discovered in Scandinavian, mainland French, and Corsican individuals. Many of these endemic European haplotypes were found together at single sites in California. Early collections of A. phalloides dated prior to 1963 and annotated using sequences of the ITS locus proved to be different species of Amanita. The first Californian collections that we confirmed as A. phalloides were made from the Del Monte Hotel (now the Naval Postgraduate School) in Monterey, and on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley, in 1938 and in 1945. These historical data are used in combination with data on A. phalloides' current distribution to estimate a rate of spread for A. phalloides in California. Many species of ectomycorrhizal (EM) fungi have been introduced across and among continents, but with this evidence, the death cap becomes the only known invasive EM fungus in North America.
  4. This is not something most people or even most mushroom enthusiasts think about, but working in a field that is impacted by non-native species, I do. I did some quick googling but not an intensive search, but didn't come up with a whole lot. I'd like to create a list of introduced fungi of North America, since my quick search suggests one doesnt exist. I know that several Amanita have been introduced into Africa, which is what made me start thinking. What introduced species are you aware of in North America? Are any invasive or potentially invasive, with potential of doing ecologic harm to native species including mychorrhizal hosts? Are any poisonous? Does escape of cultivated non-native species pose a risk to closely related or ecolgically similar native species? Is there any evidence of such "escaped" fungi, here or elsewhere? This is one reason I'm wary of buying certain mushroom cultivars. Deliberately transporting such things across state and national boundaries seems like an inherently bad idea from an ecological perspective.
  5. Its pretty clear that I am not in any way promoting the use of psychoactive mushrooms. In fact I stated that I havent used any in decades, and have no interest in doing so, and that I advised this person NOT to consume the fly agaric because he might be very sorry. I posted because I'm concerned that he might do so anyway, or he might give them to someone else who will. I don't even consider fly agaric to be psychoactive as much as I consider them poisonous, so I'm really just inquiring about the current thinking on their dangers and toxicity. I am VERY surprised and shocked and concerned that people are selling these as recreational drugs.
  6. I've been largely away from mushrooming for several decades. Back in the late 70s and early 80s when I became interested, I will admit to ingesting and even growing some psilocybin mushrooms, but I havent done that in decades and don't plan to start again. A. muscaria were not anywhere near my list of desirable edible fungi back then, and they still arent. But I found them ethnologically interesting, and I even read much of Wasson's book, Soma: divine mushroom of immortality before growing bored somewhere around page 800, so I know that some people have ingested them. But I never heard of anyone I knew taking them, and I had no reason to believe that any sane people were taking them at the time. fast forward to this week, where I was with an old friend and a younger friend of his family, who was all excited that he had been able to buy some magic mushrooms. He pulled out a large dried cap and i happened to notice some light colored spots on it. I said, let me see that. Lo and behold, I was rather suprised to find what appeared to be a dried fly agaric cap. He thought they were just good old psilocybin, and had no idea what he was about to eat. I advised him, based on my 35 year old knowledge, that he should not eat it or he could be in for a very different and unpleasant surprise compared to psilocybin. He didn't eat it, but he didn't throw it away either. I still think that was good advice, but in doing some googling I see there are some people who are eating them. So I'm just curious how common is it, and how many people are being sold fly agaric who dont even know what they are buying. Is this still a pretty fringe activity? As with many hallucinogens there are people who will say its safe "if done in the proper environment", but how safe is it really? I'm curious if my decades old knowledge is outdated, or if there are just more reckless and possibly crazy people these days.
  7. I really enjoyed it. When cooked for a long time (I sauteed slices on low for a good 10 minutes) i didnt even find it chewy. More chewy than some perhaps, but not bad at all. I'm hoping to find more, because otherwise my season is probably done.
  8. actually these were found in mixed woods but oak was dominant, with some scattered aspen, maples, white pine, and some balsam understory. Could be wrong but I still suspect they were visiting the oaks. Bayfield County, NW Wisconsin October 18. They had a strange transparent membrane where a veil might be, I thought it was slug slime at first. I believe they had been frozen in the last few days
  9. Panellus serotinus, I presume? I've not seen them before. Looks a bit late but I may give this one a try in the pan anyway if it looks good inside. Found on a downed maple log, Bayfied County northwest Wisconsin.
  10. Yes it was wet,wet, wet! I know someone else who found honeys in my area, but he only found a handful. In my case I was looking but I'm not that familiar with them. He is. But otherwise this seemed like a record year for abundance and diversity. I did see a lot of Agaricus and picked a huge bowl of them. I saw many shrooms I've never seen before. Too bad its over.
  11. haha, I havent found any honeys either but the temps in MN did a similar plummet from nearly 80 to scarcely 40 in about 2 weeks. Up until then there were copious shrooms of all types. I doubt we'll see 60 again...
  12. There were still quite a few out there today, so they are quite long-lasting. I picked a few and they were frozen, so they freeze well too. 😁
  13. Interesting. I found something quite like this in northern MN in September. My first thought was P. ostreatus which I'm very familiar with, until I got closer and realized it wasn't.
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