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  2. A species from genus Entoloma. Toxic! There are several different types of Entoloma mushrooms that appear during the spring. I think these may qualify as Entoloma vernum, although these also look a lot like one of the E. strictius varieties (which are believed to be summer/fall species). You correctly point out that, in general, it's necessary to see additional traits in order to propose an ID... gills, gill attachment to stipe, stipe base, other details. In the case of these mushrooms, seeing the shape/color of the caps including the prominent umbos, the radially silky sheen, and the longitudinally lined stipes is sufficient for a confident proposal of genus Entoloma. (Actually, not all Entoloma mushrooms look like these; the genus includes a lot of species exhibiting significant morphological variation.) Spore print for these --as with any Entoloma mushroom-- would be salmon pink. Mushrooms in genus Pluteus also have pink spore prints, and confusion with Entoloma is possible. Most types of Entoloma mushrooms are toxic.
  3. Sorry I didn’t know enough to get a picture of the gills, they were light brown, I pinched the stem to see if it would bruise, it was mostly water, not sure how long it takes to turn colors, I am a beginner. Thank you
  4. For at least some of the section Arvenses species of Agaricus, spore size matters. A. crocodilinus has larger spores than fissuratus. Upon inspection of spores at 400x, I have IDed quite a few of my local Horse Mushrooms as crocodilinus. I see that Mushroom Expert has dropped the species name "arvensis". Amanita praecox (and perhaps some other similar species) typically loses it's ring early on. In the second photo down (above) the white arc seen lying near the stipe base looks like it may be a remnant of the PV.
  5. Thanks Dave. These are spruce that are isolated on 2 sides with wide asphalt and even wider grass sections on the other sides. No hemlock but I'll look again. The Amanitas are on the small side without rings. On a side note the horse mushrooms are right in there with the spruce roots. So I wonder about arvensis or fissuratus. If I get lucky maybe I can find Kerrigans book in our library network.
  6. Sue, do you use the Tree Ears while they're still fresh? Or do you dehydrate them first? I have been under the impression that Auricularia is best used after dehydrating/rehydrating. Also, I'm not saying your ID is incorrect. But, I'm wondering if you had considered Gyromitra leucoxantha as the ID for the "Tree Ears"? Honestly, I can't tell from the photo (which is a good photo). But, I believe there is reason to pose the question. Auricularia tends to fruit on wood that's not very long dead/decayed. Some sources list conifer wood as potential habitat for Auricularia (of which there are several recently documented NA species), although in my experience it typically fruits on recently dead branches or trunks of hardwood trees. I have found what I believe to be Gyromitra leucoxantha on well decayed logs https://mushroomobserver.org/364338?q=nFnr . Here's another G. leucoxantha observation, this one supported by microscopic analysis https://mushroomobserver.org/275687?q=nFnr . https://www.mycoquebec.org/bas.php?trie=G&l=l&nom=Gyromitra leucoxantha / Gyromitre blanc-jaune&tag=Gyromitra leucoxantha&gro=86 Nice ramps! About 8-10 years ago, my wife and I transplanted some onto our property, shady area near a small stream. Now there's a couple patches there from which we may sustainably harvest a few each year.
  7. Yesterday
  8. Okay... Now I recognize this. It's one of last year's Calvatia fruit bodies (puffball). The purplish tint to the "blob" (spore mass/ mature gleba) points toward C. cyathiformis http://www.mushroomexpert.com/calvatia_cyathiformis.html . Not all that unusual, although this one's in surprisingly good condition for an over-wintered puffball.
  9. The caps of Stropharia rugosoannulata are best when young. The stalk material becomes kinda fibrous as the mushroom matures, and post-mature cap material develops a flabby texture. I usually use young S. rugosoannulata caps the same way I would use store-bought Agaricus (white "button" mushrooms).
  10. If not Amanita praecox, then another species of section Amanita that's very close to praecox. According to Rod Tulloss, A. praecox always occurs in association with hemlock. There's another name that I had thought may apply --to the ones apparently associated with spruce or pine-- A. stranella. As part of the North American Mycoflora Project, I submitted a collection of praecox-like mushrooms found under pine in August (hemlock not present; this species or something that looks just like begins to appear in late May or early June in the same location ) https://mushroomobserver.org/326553?q=nKHY . Subsequent DNA analysis suggests this particular collection represents the species A. crenulata. So, perhaps either A. crenulata has a more variable morphology that I had previously expected, or A. praecox has a longer season and associates with a wider variety of trees than previously believed. I tend to thing the latter is unlikely, as Rod Tulloss has spent a fair amount of time studying praecox. But, there's a third possibility... the spruce and/or pine associate may represent yet another taxon (stranella?). Bobby, yours certainly looks like praecox. And as you say, the timing is right for this species. Might there be a single hemlock in the area? A few years back I was visiting friends in the Pittsburgh area late in May. We went out into the woods in a few spots. Here's an example of A. praecox I found in a predominantly hardwood forest (mainly oak). There were a couple of hemlocks right near where the amanita was found. https://mushroomobserver.org/239481?q=nFnr
  11. I cut it half. It was like a very low density foam still giving off brown spores. It was connected to the ground and had a thin papery cover on the underside. If it's still there on Tuesday I put it on the table at the WPMC meeting.g.
  12. Neat! I will have to grab some more. Many buttons coming up. I have heard they are edible, not sure what’s the best way to prep them
  13. Normally I don't see Amanitas in May but here's one. A praecox is listed as the early spring Amanita. I didn't see it on mushroomexpert but found it on Dave W life list and then on Amanitaceae.org. Under a couple Norway Spruce with horse mushrooms nearby. A praecox?
  14. Caps are not fully expanded, so it's a bit tricky evaluating the gill attachment (as seen on the sectioned mushroom). But it looks like the gills may be free of the stalk (not meeting nor attached to the stalk). I think these are a species of Agaricus from section Arvenses. These types are sometimes called "Horse Mushrooms". The gills on immature Horse Mushrooms are a pale grayish color, but the color darkens to brown as the mushroom matures. Spore print color for these types of mushrooms is dark brown. The partial veil --membrane/covering over the gills-- forms a ring on the stalk that shows a "cogwheel" pattern. Species names applied to mushrooms of this type include arvensis, crocodilinus, and fissuratus. Here in Pennsylvania USA, I collect Horse Mushrooms to eat, provided they are found in a clean area. These types of mushrooms are known to uptake substances present in the immediate environment. Also, it's possible there may be species of Agaricus that occur in Romania that I don't know. As far as I know, the species placed into section Arvenses of genus Agaricus are not toxic. There are, however, some types of Agaricus mushrooms that are sickeners. Horse Mushrooms generally have a pleasant almondy/anise odor.
  15. Possibly a species of Agrocybe. The bright cap colors are unusual for Agrocybe, but this may be due to the mushrooms reflecting direct sunlight when photographed. Seeing the mushrooms after they become a bit more mature --and photographed not in direct sunlight (but outdoors)-- may be helpful. Agrocybe mushrooms have cigar-brown spore prints. The upward-flaring ring on the stalk reminds me somewhat of Kuehneromyces marginellus (formerly Pholiota veris), another brown-spored springtime mushroom. How large are these mushrooms?
  16. The large ones with the burgundy-red caps are Stropharia rugosannulata (Wine Cap, King Stropharia). The large ones with the paler caps are possibly also S. rugosoannulata, as the caps of this type mushroom often fade. Good indicators for this species are: robust stature, thick white flesh, gills that are whitish when immature but become dark gray at maturity, partial veil that forms a fairly thick "cogwheel" patterned ring on the stalk, white rhizomorphs (threads) attached to the base of the stalk, and very dark grayish/purplish to almost black spore print. http://www.mushroomexpert.com/stropharia_rugosoannulata.html There's a large number of mushrooms growing on these wood chips. They may all be the same species, or there could be more than one species.
  17. Here are some more photos. Lots of buttons still coming up, both of the tan and maroon varieties. Uno mas of the base of the stalk
  18. Need to see individual mushrooms that have been harvested and photographed so that all important features are observable... cap surface, underside (gills or pores), stalks, bases of stalks, presence/absence of a ring on the stalk, other evidence of partial veil (covering over gills/pores that often falls away). The photos may show one, two, or more distinct species of mushrooms. So, in a situation like this, it's good to harvest/photograph/describe several different individual mushrooms. When harvesting for discussion of ID, do not slice off the base of the stalk (which may contain useful traits), and so not remove deposits form the caps or stalks.
  19. For the sake of information, collect a spore print on both b;lack and white (non-absorbent) surfaces. A pale print will be more easily detected on the black, but any subtle deviation from white will be easier to assess in contrast to the white surface. Similarly, dark prints are easily seen on the white, but if very dark, any difference from pure black is seen in contrast to the black surface. Of the several species of Pleurotus (Oysters) some have prints that are either white or very close to white. Some have pale smoky grayish-lilac print (may need a generous deposit to see this). "White Oyster" does not refer to any specific species of Pleurotus. Most of the cultivated Pleurotus I have seen have caps that are not white (gray, blue, yellow, tan). Of the ones that are found in the wild, Pleurotus pulmonarius (Summer Oyster) is almost always white-capped. Pleurotus populinus (often found in spring) is also often white. Pleurotus dryinus (Veiled Oyster) is chalky-white. These types are all good edibles.
  20. A friend sent me these, I’m hoping to stop by and get better pics and samples. An area recently landscaped with new wood chips and lots of rain here in central Iowa. Any guesses? There are several species there, but I’m particularly wondering about the one with the reddish cap... I will report back with more details for a better ID
  21. Cheers Dave, thanks! I showed my pics to a gentleman at my local farmers market who was selling golden oysters. He thought these were "white oysters". Might take a pass on them as I am very new to this hobby outside of morels, but will do a spore print for fun, (my first). The big golden morels are finally popping in Eastern Iowa so I'm having fun with those at least. Will pick up some pheasant backs tomorrow too. Thanks again.
  22. Last week
  23. I think this may be Stropharia rugosoannulata (King Stropharia, Wine Cap). The most common cap color for this species is burgundy, but there's also a yellow-capped type, and the wine-colored ones often fade to a very pallid grayish/tannish. The mushroom cap seen here is quite lacking in color. The patchy pattern is the result of the cap cuticle cracking and the resulting scales shrinking during a dry period of weather. The thick white rhizomorphs (threads) on the base of the stipe are a Stropharia trait. The attached gills (meeting the stipe) rules out genus Agaricus. The large/robust stature supports a proposal of S. rugosoannulata. Spore print for Stropharia is very dark grayish/purplish/brownish. When S. rugosoannulata has the burgundy colored cap, it's very distinctive. Could this one be something other than S. rugosoannulata? Nothing comes to my mind. There are a few species of Stropharia that are reportedly poisonous.
  24. I think those are Pleurotus (Oysters). Growth habit looks like Pleurotus. Gills seen in photo are what I'd call "short-decurrent". Sometimes Oysters have well-formed stipes, like what is seen in the photo. I see this a lot with the Summer Oyster (P. pulmonarius); not so much with the ones in spring (usually P. populinus). But I believe any type of Pleurotus mushroom may develop a stipe... at least all the types I see here in eastern NA. Knowing the type of tree the wood came from may help. We're getting to the part of the season when Crepidotus species start to appear. These brown-spored mushrooms grow in shelf-like groups on downed logs, but lack the rather thick well-formed stipes like the one seen here. Also, the flesh of Crepidotus mushrooms tends to be rather fragile/crumbly. Pleurotus mushrooms have resilient flesh that's often quite dense near the point of attachment to the substrate. When in doubt, a spore print can sometimes be helpful.
  25. I think you're going to have to turn it over fully and cut it open. To be fair this is so big that for that shape I don't feel like it could realistically be a fungi. I know plenty of slime molds have bizarre and random shapes, but they don't get this big even closely. Though that only makes identifying this that much more curious.
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