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Dave W

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Everything posted by Dave W

  1. I just ran across something that reminded me of this discussion. https://www.mycoquebec.org/bas.php?trie=L&l=l&nom=Leucocoprinus ianthinus / Lépiote violette&tag=Leucocoprinus ianthinus&gro=12
  2. I think more information would be needed in order to arrive at reasonable ID proposals for these mushrooms. Knowing the habitat, the spore print color, and probably some microscopic features would be desirable. I don't see any blue or green staining on these, so Hypholoma, Leratiomyces, or maybe Psathyrella seem like better candidates for the correct genus than does Psilocybe. We don't typically don't discuss psychoactive fungi here on this website. You're better off using the online discussion board at Shroomery. But, here are a couple suggestions applicable to mushroom ID in general. Take photos outdoors in natural light, but neither in direct sunlight nor heavy shade. Indoor lighting, flash photography, or use of things like flashlights tends to alter color. Also, when harvesting mushrooms for the purpose of discussing ID, extract the entire fruit body from the substrate. Sometimes, seeing the base of the stalk is useful.
  3. The genus Phylloporus consists of species commonly called "Gilled Boletes." As suggested by the questioning, this is basically an oxymoron. So, what's up with that? Phylloporus mushrooms have fertile surface consisting of gills (except near where the gills reach the stalk they are often somewhat poroid). DNA supports the idea that Phylloporus belongs within the family Boletaceae. But, this placement predates the use of genetics to classify fungi. Except for the presence of gills, Phylloporus mushrooms morphologically and microscopically resemble other types of boletes. http://www.mushroomexpert.com/phylloporus_rhodoxanthus.html According to my understanding, mushnoobs photos do not show any species of Phylloporus. The second photo down does somewhat resemble a Gilled Bolete, but it has a partial veil. As far as I know, there are no North American species of Phylloporus that feature a partial veil.
  4. It's a puffball, likely a species of genus Lycoperdon, genus Calvatia, or genus Bovista. The shape reminds me of Lycoperdon or Calvatia; the smooth outer skin points toward Bovista. http://www.mushroomexpert.com/bovista_longispora.html http://www.mushroomexpert.com/lycoperdon_caudatum.html http://www.mushroomexpert.com/calvatia_cyathiformis.html The flesh in the basal portion is probably less dense and I'm guessing this is what looks like pores to you. This is also a trait of Lycoperdon or Calvatia. If you allow one of these to mature in-situ --and if the weather cooperates-- eventually the inside will turn to spore dust; yellow, brown, olive-brown, or in the case of Calvatia cyathiformis grayish-purple. A hole or holes will develop along the apex and the mature spores are ejected when any pressure --eg. falling raindrops-- is applied.
  5. I just sent a PM to you via wildmushroomhunting.org.
  6. I think these may be a species of Tubaria. This large genus --globally, lots of species-- is seemingly represented by only a handful of species in North America. Tubaria mushrooms are generally fairly small. The "vibrant orange" spore color mentioned here is not much different than the typically yellow/ocher prints of the Tubaria I commonly see here in eastern NA (presumably mostly T. furfuracea). Online photos of Tubaria pallidispora look similar to the mushrooms seen here. My guess is that species of fungi native to southern Utah are not well-understood. Nice find! Hego, if you can dehydrate a few of these and mail the material to me, I may be able to get it sequenced (DNA). It would be very interesting to find out what species these represent.
  7. Very interesting! Orange spore print suggests genus Gymnopilus. But, no species names come to mind. And the "Gymnopilus" suggestion is not made with much confidence, just an idea. I'll re-visit this.
  8. Species of Phylloporus do not have partial veil. So, no they are not (you mean the first photo I assume).
  9. I haven't seen the beetles in Pleurocybella. The gills are kinda shallow on those, maybe not deep enough for the beetles' liking.
  10. I think the white polypores may be a species of Trametes, maybe T. pubescens. I also see some Hypholoma mushrooms, possibly more than one species.
  11. Several different mushrooms; a few photos show more than one species. Potential for a confusing discussion. Best to feature one type of mushroom per discussion. But, I do believe the small scaly one represents a species of Lepiota. The first/second photos (mushrooms with stalks thickened below and partial veils), maybe either genus Armillaria or genus Gymnopilus; knowing spore print color would help. The mushrooms with decurrent gills... maybe a species of Lactarius section Deliciosi. It is ill-advised to judge the potential edibility of a mushroom based upon how it smells (unless this is one feature among several that confidently support an ID proposal).
  12. I agree, species of Armillaria, aka. Honey Mushrooms, Popinkis (based upon a Polish name), Opiata (based upon a Russian name).
  13. Yup, the polypores seen in the first several photos are Ischnoderma resinosum. Also seen in subsequent photos are a species of Coprinellus section Micacei (aka. Mica Caps). I think the white polypores are a species of Trametes, maybe T. pubescens or T. gibbosa. I also see some photos of at least one species of Hypholoma.
  14. In the first photo the darker ones look to be gray. But, if they are actually green, then Sarcomyxa serotina (Panellus serotinus) is a good possibility. I think it's quite possible for Pleurotus and Sarcomyxa to grow from the same log. But, I would not also expect Pleurocybella porrigens (Anger Wings) on the same log a s Pleurotus. Pleurotus is rarely reported as growing on conifer wood, and I believe that Pleurocybella occurs strictly on conifer. A microscopic analysis of the spores would settle any such questions. The three genera mentioned above have different ranges of spore dimensions.
  15. I think these are a species of Gymonpilus. There are a few of these that produce large yellow to orange mushrooms that grow in clusters, sometimes from buried wood. These mushrooms are well past prime, which makes an ID tricky. So, confidence is not high here. The two things that point toward Gymnopilus are the overall orangish color and what appear to possibly be deposits on the stalk that suggest presence of a partial veil. Gymnopilus mushrooms have rusty-orange to rusty-brown spore prints; but a very thin print may appear to be merely light brown.
  16. Maybe genus Chroogomphus? If correct the spore print will be dark gray or black in a thick print. Compare with C. tomentosus http://linnet.geog.ubc.ca/Atlas/Atlas.aspx?sciname=Chroogomphus tomentosus . Is the cap wooly/fibrillose?
  17. The underside of the one seen in the first/second photos looks like it's composed of false gills, albeit very well-developed ones. The sliced stem appears to show white context. The one thing that bothers me about this are the small gray scales on the cap surface. But, about the CA species Cantharellus formosus, Mushroom Expert says "...with a grayish to brownish pigment layer that is nearly invisible in wet conditions but becomes more prominent with drying or with age in dry weather, appearing as tiny, darker scales." Also, Mushroom Expert mentions "...well developed false gills." C. formosus is said to grow under conifers. So, the evidence seems to point to this species. The third photo shows mushrooms that have been trimmed and --judging from the appearance-- pretty well water-soaked (presumably from being washed).
  18. Judging from the cracks in the caps I'd say they've been there for a awhile. Are these mushrooms as orange as they appear in the photos? If so, then maybe a species of Gymnopilus. Spore print color?
  19. Not a mutation, but maybe just an abnormality. Actually, I like the suggestion from svs; maybe a puffball. Some Lycoperdon species produce puffballs with a sizeable sterile base. Seeing one of these vertically sectioned --so that the entire interior is seen-- may be helpful.
  20. Chanterelles (Cantharellus species) are mycorrhizal. The mushrooms grow from a fungus that associates with living trees. Unlike saprobic fungi that get their nutrients from decaying vegetable matter, Chanterelles probably cannot be cultivated. If you know a spot where they grow, then you may be able to encourage them to appear by watering a patch at a desirable time of year. But, I don't think it's possible to grow them from scratch.
  21. Maybe either a mushroom that's been colonized by a parasitic Hypomyces? Or maybe an anomaly? This does not look like Hypomyces to me, so I think it may be abnormally formed mushrooms, possibly some common species. I'm adding three photos; one of some "aborted" Clitocybe robusta and two others showing normally formed mushrooms of the same species. These were all found growing in the same location at the same time, back in 2008.
  22. Probably a species of Hypholoma, either H. lateritium or H. capnoides. Spore print color will either confirm or eliminate this possibility. Hypholoma mushrooms have dark grayish/purplish-brown spore prints. Honey Mushrooms --ie. species of Armillaria-- have creamy-white spore prints. Two other fairly common species of Hypholoma that are somewhat similar to the two mentioned above are the toxic species H. fasciculare and H. subviride. Either of these tends to produce smaller mushrooms with gills that are green when young (and become dark grayish-brown once the spores mature). All species mentioned grow on wood or seemingly on the ground but actually from buried wood. Finally, another late-season mushroom that grows on wood is the deadly poisonous Galerina marginata. The ones seen here are almost certainly not this species. But, anyone who looks for fall mushrooms should be aware of G. marginata (G. autumnalis in older field guides). Galerina mushrooms have rusty-brown spore prints. G. marginata is also sometimes found during winter or spring.
  23. In PA the most common late-season species of Pleurotus is P. ostreatus. Except for the one that's gray, these look to be more white than the typical P. ostreatus. P. pulmonarius is a mainly summer species that's basically pure white. Maybe the ones seen here are partly P. pulmonarius and P. ostreatus? Prior to the recently plummeting temperatures here in PA it had been well above average for awhile. So, maybe this brought on a fruiting of P. pulmonarius? Reports vary on any possible differences in spore print color for these two species, so I don't think it's a dependable way to differentiate. The only way to be reasonably certain is to examine/measure spores (using a microscope). The spores of P. pulmonarius are longer and wider that those of P. ostreatus. By "late fall oyster" do you mean the species Sarcomyxa serotina? The gray ones may be this species, but to me they look more like P. ostreatus. Another species to keep in mind is Pleurocybella porrigens, aks "Angel Wings." This type is always white and grows on conifer wood. The gills tend to be shallower and more closely spaced than Pleurotus. Also, Angel Wings have thinner flesh. Some older field guides recommend them as an edible. But, an incident in Japan when several people (older folks with compromised health) died after consuming P. porrigens has caused authors to recommend not consuming this species.
  24. Also, when hoping for an ID proposal, it's best to create a separate post for each type of mushroom. Otherwise, the discussion is apt to become confusing.
  25. My guess is the mushrooms are a species of Armillaria (Honey Mushrooms). But, I'd like to feel more confident in the ID proposal.
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