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Dave W

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About Dave W

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    Boletus Forum Freak
  • Birthday 05/09/1955

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    Northeast Pennsylvania

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  1. Dave W


    I think there are two different species seen here. The larger beige ones with the pointed branch-ends are likely a species of Ramaria. Coral mushrooms representing genus Ramaria can be very difficult to pin down to species. It's possible the smaller white ones are the same species as the larger ones, only younger. But, I think these are a different species. The branch tips do not taper to sharp points like what is seen with the larger ones. My best guess for the smaller white ones is Ramariopsis kunzei.
  2. Dave W


    Those do look like Cantharellus cinnabarinus. Southern areas of eastern NA also get a species called C. texensis. This type is virtually identical to C. cinnabrinus.
  3. Dave W

    Just curious

    There may or may not be two different species here. The top photo shows a mushroom with closely space gills. Looks like a species of either Russula or Lactarius. If it's a Lactarius mushroom, then you should be able to find some "latex", a liquid that oozes from injured gills/flesh. Best way to check is to run a knife across the gills and then check to see if any liquid develops on the injury. Sometimes a Lactarius mushroom may contain a very small amount of latex, in which case you may need to gently press either your finger or a piece of paper against a cut, and then check for signs of moisture. If a Lactarius mushroom is harvested and then it sits around for hours, the latex may mostly disappear as the mushroom becomes drier. This first mushroom could be either Lactarius subvellereus or Russula brevipes. The mushroom with the gills more widely spaced and seen further down in the sequence of photos may or may not be the same species as the other mushroom. Sometimes a mushroom has gills more closely spaced when young. The areas between the gills may stretch out a bit as the mushroom matures. So, I think the same two species possibilities mentioned also apply to this mushroom.
  4. Dave W

    Photos Don't Do Justice

    Matt, are you certain that the one you had found was not Bondarzewia berkeleyi (Berkeley's Polypore)? Young Berkeley's looks like a stalagmite.
  5. Dave W

    Chicken of the Woods?

    IMO, too old to eat. Insect infestation is bad enough. But old Laetiporus mushroom usually has a woody texture and is difficult to digest. The mushroom seen in the photos looks like an old Laetiporus cincinnatus, which is a really good edible when in better condition.
  6. Dave W


    Yup, one of the types of classic American chanterelle formerly classified as Cantharellus cibarius. I haven't yet learned the several different new species names for eastern NA classic chants. They are all excellent edibles. Good to also learn to recognize Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca and the toxic Omphalotus illudens, as they may be mistaken for classic yellow chanterelles.
  7. Dave W


    I believe X. atropurpureus is a species recently split off of X. zelleri. What at least some field guides picture as X. zelleri is probably actually X. atropurpureus. But, since I have never found either species of west coast bolete, I don't really know how to distinguish one from the other.
  8. Dave W

    Photos Don't Do Justice

    Mushroom Expert says the individual fronds on Meripilus sumstinei reach a width of 20 cm (~8 inches) and the whole fruit body is 12 inches or more wide. I have seen examples where the entire fruit body is well over 24 inches wide and the individual fronds are larger than 8 inches. It's not the size that causes me to wonder about the M. sumstinei ID proposal; it's the lack of black staining as seen in the photos. Did you notice any darkening or black staining, especially neat the edges of the fronds and possibly only after handling them? If the mushroom has further matured, then there may be a better chance to see the staining.
  9. Dave W

    Photos Don't Do Justice

    Interesting. Looks like a young Black Staining Polypore (Meripilus sumstinei), except I don't see any black staining! http://www.mushroomexpert.com/meripilus_sumstinei.html . Maybe there's no black staining because this is too young? On a young polypore the pore openings can be difficult to see. M. sumstinei has mature pores that are 6-8 per mm, which is pretty small.
  10. I think Mushroom Whispserer is correct, Parasola. Habitat --grassy area-- and growth habit --on soil-- both point away from the "Pinwheel Marasmius" types (M. rotula, M. siccus, etc.). These Marasmius species grow on twigs or leaf litter. Also, the Marasmius mushrooms have wiry stems. Spore print color would settle any debate.
  11. Dave W

    Growing out of horse manure

    According to available information, psychoactive properties vary across the genus Panaeolus. IMO, it's a risky genus of mushrooms to experiment with.
  12. Angel Wings (Pleurocybella porrigens) tend to have thinner flesh than true Oyster Mushrooms (Pleurotus species). As you say bhaas, Angel Wings have white spore print (although some species of Pleurotus also have white print). Growth on oak eliminates Pleurocybella. As Matt says, Pleurocybella grows on coniferous wood.
  13. Dave W

    Blue-Staining Bolete/Suillus?

    Each of the Hortiboletus species I mentioned above has olive-brown spore print. So, the spore print seen here supports ID to this genus. Basal mycelium for campestris, harrisonii reported as yellow, and for fraternus white to yellow. Color of basal mycelium for rubellus not listed in North American Boletes. Spore lengths for campestris and fraternus a bit larger than for the other two species. I *think* at least two of these names may have been synonymized... maybe fraternus and rubellus. Hortiboletus campestris works for me for the ones seen in this thread. Honestly, I don't know how to tell one of these from the other by sight. I usually call the ones found on lawns "campestris".
  14. These are mature fruit bodies of Cantharellus lateritius (Smooth Chanterelle). When young, this type has a smooth fertile surface (underside). As the mushroom matures, shallow vein-like wrinkles develop --like what is seen in these photos. An excellent edible mushroom when you get it before the insects get it. These look to be in very good condition.
  15. Dave W

    Blue-Staining Bolete/Suillus?

    Likely a species of Hortiboletus, a genus split off from Boleteus. Possible species names include compestris, fraternus, rubellus, harrisonii. Not sure if all of these species have been moved to Hortiboletus, but I think they will all eventually end up there. Xerocomellus has also been the genus where one or more of these species has been housed (and may still be).