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Dave W

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About Dave W

  • Birthday 05/09/1955

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  1. I just ran across something that reminded me of this discussion. https://www.mycoquebec.org/bas.php?trie=L&l=l&nom=Leucocoprinus ianthinus / Lépiote violette&tag=Leucocoprinus ianthinus&gro=12
  2. I think more information would be needed in order to arrive at reasonable ID proposals for these mushrooms. Knowing the habitat, the spore print color, and probably some microscopic features would be desirable. I don't see any blue or green staining on these, so Hypholoma, Leratiomyces, or maybe Psathyrella seem like better candidates for the correct genus than does Psilocybe. We don't typically don't discuss psychoactive fungi here on this website. You're better off using the online discussion board at Shroomery. But, here are a couple suggestions applicable to mushroom ID in general. Take photos outdoors in natural light, but neither in direct sunlight nor heavy shade. Indoor lighting, flash photography, or use of things like flashlights tends to alter color. Also, when harvesting mushrooms for the purpose of discussing ID, extract the entire fruit body from the substrate. Sometimes, seeing the base of the stalk is useful.
  3. The genus Phylloporus consists of species commonly called "Gilled Boletes." As suggested by the questioning, this is basically an oxymoron. So, what's up with that? Phylloporus mushrooms have fertile surface consisting of gills (except near where the gills reach the stalk they are often somewhat poroid). DNA supports the idea that Phylloporus belongs within the family Boletaceae. But, this placement predates the use of genetics to classify fungi. Except for the presence of gills, Phylloporus mushrooms morphologically and microscopically resemble other types of boletes. http://www.mushroomexpert.com/phylloporus_rhodoxanthus.html According to my understanding, mushnoobs photos do not show any species of Phylloporus. The second photo down does somewhat resemble a Gilled Bolete, but it has a partial veil. As far as I know, there are no North American species of Phylloporus that feature a partial veil.
  4. It's a puffball, likely a species of genus Lycoperdon, genus Calvatia, or genus Bovista. The shape reminds me of Lycoperdon or Calvatia; the smooth outer skin points toward Bovista. http://www.mushroomexpert.com/bovista_longispora.html http://www.mushroomexpert.com/lycoperdon_caudatum.html http://www.mushroomexpert.com/calvatia_cyathiformis.html The flesh in the basal portion is probably less dense and I'm guessing this is what looks like pores to you. This is also a trait of Lycoperdon or Calvatia. If you allow one of these to mature in-situ --and if the weather cooperates-- eventually the inside will turn to spore dust; yellow, brown, olive-brown, or in the case of Calvatia cyathiformis grayish-purple. A hole or holes will develop along the apex and the mature spores are ejected when any pressure --eg. falling raindrops-- is applied.
  5. I just sent a PM to you via wildmushroomhunting.org.
  6. I think these may be a species of Tubaria. This large genus --globally, lots of species-- is seemingly represented by only a handful of species in North America. Tubaria mushrooms are generally fairly small. The "vibrant orange" spore color mentioned here is not much different than the typically yellow/ocher prints of the Tubaria I commonly see here in eastern NA (presumably mostly T. furfuracea). Online photos of Tubaria pallidispora look similar to the mushrooms seen here. My guess is that species of fungi native to southern Utah are not well-understood. Nice find! Hego, if you can dehydrate a few of these and mail the material to me, I may be able to get it sequenced (DNA). It would be very interesting to find out what species these represent.
  7. Very interesting! Orange spore print suggests genus Gymnopilus. But, no species names come to mind. And the "Gymnopilus" suggestion is not made with much confidence, just an idea. I'll re-visit this.
  8. Species of Phylloporus do not have partial veil. So, no they are not (you mean the first photo I assume).
  9. I haven't seen the beetles in Pleurocybella. The gills are kinda shallow on those, maybe not deep enough for the beetles' liking.
  10. I think the white polypores may be a species of Trametes, maybe T. pubescens. I also see some Hypholoma mushrooms, possibly more than one species.
  11. Several different mushrooms; a few photos show more than one species. Potential for a confusing discussion. Best to feature one type of mushroom per discussion. But, I do believe the small scaly one represents a species of Lepiota. The first/second photos (mushrooms with stalks thickened below and partial veils), maybe either genus Armillaria or genus Gymnopilus; knowing spore print color would help. The mushrooms with decurrent gills... maybe a species of Lactarius section Deliciosi. It is ill-advised to judge the potential edibility of a mushroom based upon how it smells (unless this is one feature among several that confidently support an ID proposal).
  12. I agree, species of Armillaria, aka. Honey Mushrooms, Popinkis (based upon a Polish name), Opiata (based upon a Russian name).
  13. Yup, the polypores seen in the first several photos are Ischnoderma resinosum. Also seen in subsequent photos are a species of Coprinellus section Micacei (aka. Mica Caps). I think the white polypores are a species of Trametes, maybe T. pubescens or T. gibbosa. I also see some photos of at least one species of Hypholoma.
  14. In the first photo the darker ones look to be gray. But, if they are actually green, then Sarcomyxa serotina (Panellus serotinus) is a good possibility. I think it's quite possible for Pleurotus and Sarcomyxa to grow from the same log. But, I would not also expect Pleurocybella porrigens (Anger Wings) on the same log a s Pleurotus. Pleurotus is rarely reported as growing on conifer wood, and I believe that Pleurocybella occurs strictly on conifer. A microscopic analysis of the spores would settle any such questions. The three genera mentioned above have different ranges of spore dimensions.
  15. I think these are a species of Gymonpilus. There are a few of these that produce large yellow to orange mushrooms that grow in clusters, sometimes from buried wood. These mushrooms are well past prime, which makes an ID tricky. So, confidence is not high here. The two things that point toward Gymnopilus are the overall orangish color and what appear to possibly be deposits on the stalk that suggest presence of a partial veil. Gymnopilus mushrooms have rusty-orange to rusty-brown spore prints; but a very thin print may appear to be merely light brown.
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