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Dave W

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About Dave W

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    Boletus Forum Freak
  • Birthday 05/09/1955

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    Northeast Pennsylvania

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  1. I have little info to share regarding the edibility of species of Panaeolus. I know that some species from this genus are consumed for their psychoactive properties. If this is your interest, then I suggest you visit the website Shroomery, where this topic often takes preference. As far as serving a culinary purpose, I doubt that any species of Panaeolus play a role. Toxic black-spored mushrooms... A few species of Coprinopsis cause sickness when consumed before/with/after the consumption of alcohol. The mushrooms under consideration here do not look like Coprinopsis. Stem seen in next to last photo appears to show blue staining/bruising.
  2. Melga, did you make and then take down the post of mushroom "A" several hours ago? I was hoping to come back to it. It was a really nice post. Regarding the proposed Panaeolus cyanescens (present post). Nice job with the photos and the spore print. Print is clearly jet-black. That's the advantage of collecting it on a black medium. One may then see any difference between the print and the color black. No contrast here. This is really good info supporting the genus Panaeolus, as is the habitat, meadow with dung. The photos show mushrooms that look like Panaeolus. But there are other dark-spored mushroom types that look like Panaeolus but are placed in different genera... Hypholoma, Panaeolina, Psathyrella, Psilocybe. The lack of deviation from black in the spore print is key here. Particular species of Panaeolus...? I don't know this genus really well, and the few that I have IDed here in Pennsylvania USA likely represent different species than what one finds in Brazil. I have never IDed Panaeolus cyanescens, but it supposedly occurs in NA. Did your mushrooms stain/bruise blue? I see darkening on the mushrooms, but not sure if this qualifies as "bluing". I think it's fair to say that getting a Panaeolus collection IDed to species may require microscopy. Spore size and shapes of cystidia may be enough to nail an ID... not sure.
  3. Okay, sorry. Didn't see the different names on the posts. White, beige, tan, light brown, brown, grey/gray... all colors that may be seen on Oysters. There's even a non-native cultivated species of Pleurotus that's yellow and which has been found growing in natural settings in North America. http://mushroomobserver.org/observer/observation_search?pattern=Pleurotus+citrinopileatus
  4. Jack o lanterns?

    When the glowing Jack works, it can be pretty dramatic.
  5. Jack o lanterns?

    Yup, Jack 'o Lantern, Omphalotus illudens. To see the glowing (usually most prominent on the gills), the material needs to be freshly sprouted, picked just before taking to the dark room, and the room needs to be completely dark. The one time it worked well for me, I picked a bunch of nice fresh young ones, took them immediately into a very dark closet, and needed to wait 5 minutes or so before the effect kicked in.
  6. Nice! Looks like those have lost a little moisture in the meantime. They look to be very nice quality. Just to be sure... Oysters should be found growing on wood, occasionally buried wood (which may make it look like they're growing from the ground. If you cannot find the wood, then the mushrooms may be something other than Oysters (Pleurotus). Also, true Oysters (Pleurotus) grow on the wood of hardwood/deciduous trees. Smaller/daintier white oyster-like mushroom found growing on coniferous wood --hemlock, pine, spruce-- are probably Angel Wings (Pleurocybella porrigens). This type mushroom is listed as edible in many field guides. I have eaten and enjoyed it. (Actually, Oysters are better.) But several years ago, there was an incident in Japan where residents living in an assisted care facility for elderly were sickened by a meal of Angel Wings. So, I think it's wise to try to determine the type of wood where your "Oysters" are found, at least to the extent where you can tell if it's hardwood or conifer. The mushrooms seen in the photos here look like true Oyster Mushrooms. Note that the ones in the top photo have caps with a tan/light-brown color on top. The ones in the lower photo appear to be white. This variation in color is typical for Oysters.
  7. Dehydrated Oyster Mushrooms do not re-hydrate really well. If you collect some of these saturated ones, then I think your best bet is to lie them out in the open --on a counter or table top-- and then cook them after they lose enough moisture to firm up a bit. Or, you can saute the moist ones and cook out the moisture. Quality is somewhat diminished when they get soaked. If it doesn't rain between now and tomorrow, then the mushrooms may dry out in situ (to some extent). Or, you may run across some freshly fruited ones that are firmer.
  8. Phlebopus sudanicus?

    Just saw this on Mushroom Observer http://mushroomobserver.org/308758?q=EHr6 . Looks like the genus for species sudanicus has been changed.
  9. These are Oyster Mushrooms (Pleurotus species). The rubbery/juicy texture and liquid emission are likely due to a high water content. Looks like these had just been rained on. It may be a little tricky getting a good spore print from these mushrooms, because of the excess moisture. The spore-collection medium gets wet and the moisture effects the appearance of the spore print. Pleurotus species have spore print colors ranging from white to pale lilac to smoky grayish lilac.
  10. Phlebopus sudanicus?

    I have no first-hand experience with this species --let alone, the genus Phlebopus. The field guide North American Boletes does not include a single entry for this genus. But, based upon the information I see online, your ID appears to be on target, DaggaBoom... correct at least to genus. (Not sure about the possibility of look-alike Phlebopus species like P. marginatus.) Thanks for sharing. An impressive mushroom!
  11. Amanita muscaria?

    Amanita muscaria var. persicina, a species of SE North America. http://www.mushroomexpert.com/amanita_muscaria_persicina.html I have seen this variety of muscaria in the Pine Barrens of New Jersey, but not ever as far north as up here in NE Pennsylvania.
  12. These mushrooms are a species of Russula. The flesh is brittle with these types; the stalk snaps apart like a piece of chalk (provided it doesn't crumble in your fingers when you attempt to break it). Lots of different red-capped species of Russula. For humans, some Russula species can cause gastrointestinal distress that generally pass within a day. The ones that are troublesome mostly have a bitter/acrid taste. It's okay to nibble a small piece of Russula cap and spit out the material (to evaluate the taste). If your dog has eaten mushrooms of an undesirable species of Russula, then I think it's not a real big problem. But, if your dog appears to be sick, a trip to the vet is probably a good idea.
  13. Wonderful clusters of tiny beauties

    Hygrophanous caps... another point favoring Psathyrella. Lots of possibilities for the species.
  14. Split gill?

    Probably a mold... fungus on a fungus.
  15. Wonderful clusters of tiny beauties

    My guess is the spore print will be either dark purple-brown or pinkish-brown, because I think these represent a species of Psathyrella. Mushrooms form this genus are usually fairly fragile; they break apart easily. Another genus of dark-spored wood-inhabiting mushrooms is Hypholoma. But these types have more resilient flesh than Psathyrellas.