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Dave W

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About Dave W

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    Boletus Forum Freak
  • Birthday 05/09/1955

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    Northeast Pennsylvania

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  1. There's a variety of B. edulis called "var. grandedulis" that grows in CA. https://www.mushroomexpert.com/boletus_edulis_grandedulis.html
  2. Dave W

    Help identifying large mushroom?

    Best to mention all reasonable possibilities, especially the ones that are toxic.
  3. Steve, your bolete looks like Boletus separans. If correct, the flesh/pores should not stain or bruise and the flesh should taste mild (not bitter). This type sometimes has a reticulate stalk surface (netting on the stalk surface, may be very fine), but not always. Bobby, I agree your bolete looks like Lanmaoa pseudosensibilis (formerly in genus Boletus). Except, I don't see any staining/bruising on it. This species bruises blue very easily, especially on the pore surface. If it did indeed fail to bruise/stain, then maybe look at genus Auriboletus. Very likely not Baorangia bicolor, as the way the pores/tubes attach to the stem (recessed) is wrong for bicolor. Neither of the boletes seen in the last two posts represent Gyroporus castaneus.
  4. Almost certainly a species of Mycena... possibly M. semivestipes. But, there are a whole lot of different Mycena species, and of these many look like the ones seen here and grow on wood in clusters like the ones seen here.
  5. Dave W

    Help identifying large mushroom?

    Looks like a species of Calvatia to me... maybe either C. cyathiformis or the nearly identical C. craniiformis. These are true puffballs, edible when pure white inside (with a uniform consistency of whipped cream cheese). Although I don't think these are a species of Sclerodema (the "Earth Ball" mentioned by Vermonter). Mature Scleroderma looks like charcoal on the inside... dark gray and somewhat grainy. But, immature Scleroderma can be almost completely white inside. The texture is much denser/firmer than with true puffballs. In my area S. citrinum is the most common species. These have pointed scales on the skin. But there are a few other species of Scleroderma that have either smooth skin, or skin that breaks apart into a "mosaic" pattern similar to the mushroom seen in this discussion. Scleroderma species are toxic. As I said, I think this one is a Calvatia. Never saw it surrounded by snow (except for old sporulating versions). But, I suppose that in S. Carolina one would expect the weather in early December to be not a whole lot different than late October up here in PA. If you get a photo of the vertically sectioned mushroom, we can then provide a more confident ID. In addition to the concern regarding Scleroderma, true puffballs may also be imitated by Amanita "buttons". The young --possibly dangerously poisonous-- Amanita mushroom at first has a covering called the universal veil. This veil eventually breaks apart into either scales on the cap or a basal "volva". But, when the young Amanita is completely covered, it looks like a puffball.
  6. P. dryinus does have a nice flavor. I think some people tend to give it a low rating because the flesh can be a bit tough/chewy, especially near the stem. In my experience, the "summer Oysters" --P. pulmonarius-- have white spores, and the early/late P. ostreatus have the smoky-lilac spores. Mushroom Expert says the spores for P. populinus are always white. Also, P. populinus has larger spores (when viewed under a scope), but ostreatus and pulmonarius have spores with very similar measurements. I suppose that pale versions of ostreatus may be easily confused with pulmonarius. Perhaps my cap color-scheme suggestion is an oversimplification. But, in my experience, pulmonarius --which is usually smaller and with thinner flesh than ostreatus-- is always (almost) pure white. also, as Mushroom Expert says, pulmonarius often features a well-formed stem, sometimes almost centrally attached to the cap which gives some of the mushrooms an appearance that's seemingly unusual for an Oyster Mushroom. Of course, this is all basically academic, as Oyster Mushrooms are all good edibles. I bring some home whenever I find them. But, one related concern is the similarity of Pleurocybella porrigens (Angel Wings) to Pleurotus. P. porrigens grows on coniferous wood, as opposed to Pleurotus which is always found on wood of deciduous trees. There have been a few disturbing incidents regarding the consumption of P. porrigens. In Japan, some older people with pre-existing conditions associated with liver function became quite ill after consuming P. porrigens. I am now told that there have been more than one such incident, and that a toxin has been isolated out of P. porrigens. The specific illness suffered by victims affects the brain. Thus, the implication is that the toxin may affect a person whose liver does not function well enough to filter out the toxin before it finds its way through the bloodstream to the brain. I find this species on hemlock wood. I saw quite a bit this past fall. I used to collect it for the table, but I no longer consume it. Generally, thinner-fleshed than Pleurotus, but it does look fairly similar to white Oyster Mushrooms. Spore morphology immediately distinguishes Pleurocybella from Pleurotus.
  7. I'd call the white ones "pulmonarius" and the gray ones "ostreatus". IMO the late-season ostreatus with the gray/tan/brown caps are the best edible type in the genus. One way to distinguish is by spore print color. Pulmonarius (and also P. populinus) have white spore print. Ostreatus has a pale smoky gray faintly lilac-tinged spore print.
  8. Need to see more details, or at least read a description. I think these are likely a species of Mycena. M. semivestipes is a cold weather species https://mushroomobserver.org/314042?q=boks.
  9. Dave W


    Need more details. For starters, the undersides of the caps.
  10. Dave W

    ID Help, perhaps chicken?

    I think this may be Inonotus quercustris. As the species name implies, this southern NA species grows on oak. http://www.mushroomexpert.com/inonotus_quercustris.html
  11. Dave W

    what is this mushroom

    Gray gills could also mean Psathyrella (in addition to Hypholoma). But, tough stems would eliminate Psathyrella from consideration. Agrocybe (or the recent split-off genus Cyclocybe) is another possibility. Stropharia has gills that transition through a gray stage (although these don't look like any Stropharia I know). There's probably other possibilities that don't immediately come to my mind. In order to have a serious discussion about mushroom ID, multiple traits either need to be readily observable, or carefully described. For starters, seeing the undersides of the caps would be helpful.
  12. Dave W

    Kansas Mushroom

    Need to see the underside on a few of these small caps. Looks like one of the thin-fleshed polypore species of Tarmetes, Trichaptum, or Stereum.
  13. Dave W

    Florida mushroom ID.

    I see... I had forgotten about N. lepideus being the "Train Wrecker". Wikipedia says it's a cause of "wet rot". I have never seen it on wood serving as structural material (except for in photos). There was an old pine stump along my drive home from work. It produced 1-3 fruitings of large mushrooms annually, for 3-4 years running. Haven't seen any mushrooms there since over 2 years ago https://mushroomobserver.org/134868?q=bWug . I also saw what I believe to be either this same --or maybe a related species-- in a burnt pine forest in Idaho, summer 2013. Saw several single-mushroom fruitings on burnt conifer logs/trees https://mushroomobserver.org/142767?q=bWug .
  14. Dave W

    Help identifying mushroom

    Probably a species of Coprinopsis, a type of "Inky Cap Mushroom". These don't last very long after popping out of the ground. They dissolve into a black inky substance. Maybe C. cinera or C. lagopus.
  15. We don't discuss psychoactive properties of mushrooms on this website. There are other websites where this topic is up front. The purple mushrooms look like Laccaria amethystina. I'm not familiar with the name "velvet milk cap". Do you know the species? They look like Lactarius chelidonium or maybe L. subpurpureus.