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Dave W

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About Dave W

  • Birthday 05/09/1955

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  1. Best to see entire mushrooms photographed from different perspectives so that all readily observable traits are seen... cap surfaces, gills, entire stems. Also, any notable odor, staining or bruising (ie. color change of flesh or other part of the mushroom), spore print color. Even after all of this it's sometimes necessary to examine microscopic aspects. I *think* these mushrooms are examples of Megacollybia rodmanii, but not 100% sure. Never eat a mushroom that has not been confidently IDed.
  2. The second photo down is particularly useful in that it shows clearly that the gills are attached to the stalk. Otherwise the gills in early-maturity pink stage combined with the questionable presence of a partial veil may lead one to consider genus Pluteus. The 4th photo shows darker grayish gills that are more mature, which points away from Entoloma.
  3. My best guess for this is Picipes melanopus, an uncommon species in my experience. https://mushroomobserver.org/observer/show_observation/414233 https://mushroomobserver.org/379570?q=1nDDb . Formerly placed in genus Polyporus. Also, compare with Bresadolia craterells (formerly Polyporus craterellus). https://www.messiah.edu/Oakes/fungi_on_wood/poroid fungi/species pages/Bresadolia craterella.htm But, I like the first suggestion better, based upon what appear to be very small pores and cap surface lacking prominent scales.
  4. I think these are C. candolleanus... just rather small ones.
  5. Oh yeah... Here's a good one. Over the past maybe 30 years... Collybia luxurians ---> Gymnopus luxurians ---> Marasmiellus luxurians ---> Collybiopsis luxurians. These last three span less than 10 years. Often these changes are for good scientific reasons; for example when DNA mandates a taxonomic change of genus to accommodate the construction of phylogenetic trees, or the need for a new North American species name to replace an originally misapplied European name. But, sometimes a change is proposed for rather esoteric reasons like... Mycologist X originally proposed name X and then Mycologist Y proposed name Y to what they thought to be a novel species , but it was actually just X. Meanwhile DNA says there's a need for a new name for X, and so someone proposes a new name Z, writes it up, and Z is then adopted into the nomenclature. Then, someone else does some research and discovers that Mycologist Y had previously supplied what should now be the new name. So --according to the rules-- Z is then replaced by Y. Stuff kinda like that. Perhaps the craziest name-game change in recent history is what happened to the NA taxon formerly known as Suillus granulatus. It's now called Suillus weaverae. Because the new name is actually based upon an ID error some mushroom enthusiasts have taken a stand against using it. But, the name is legitimate. Long story. Some details found in the discussion under comments here https://mushroomobserver.org/318886 Look at the voting on the proposed names seen in this next linked MO observation https://mushroomobserver.org/242799?q=1nCz6 . BTW, the MO voter "else" is Else Vellinga, a prominent professional mycologist.
  6. I assume the location Manchester is the city in the United Kingdom. There's also a city called Manchester in the state of New Hampshire, USA. As for the mushrooms, we will have a much better chance to arrive at an ID if an entire fruit body is harvested and photographed from different perspectives... to show cap, underside (gills in this case), and the stipe including the base which may be buried. Often it is necessary to excavate to base of the stipe. Usually, it is sufficient to insert a knife blade into the ground and underneath the base in order to pop it out of the ground. Other ID features include spore print color and sometimes any notable odor. Also, it often helps to vertically section one mushroom so that the interior structure may be assessed. If in the UK, then Amanita rubescens look like a possibility. If in the USA then any of several similar species of Amanita --a few of which are currently unnamed.
  7. Correct! The new scientific name for "Common Psathyrella" is Candolleomyces candolleana.
  8. I received the sample yesterday. Dumped a bit of crushed material form a folded piece of wax paper, mounted in Melzers, and scoped. Spores are amyloid. Photo is taken through one eyepiece on my binocular scope. Viewed through my monocular scope --not as good but with reticle-- resolution was not quite good enough to tell the spores apart from the air bubbles. So --because I use photos through the mono scope to estimate measurements-- I don't have an update on dimensions. Amyloid spores eliminates the possibility of A. velatipes/subvelatipes. Assuming all three mushrooms represent the same species --I think so-- this says the section represented is either Phalloideae or Validae. (Sections Amidella and Lepidella feature much different morphology). The pigmented one is almost certainly not an example of any species in Phalloideae. Of the paler ones, the smaller shows some pigmentation on the cap. The only pigmented-capped Phalloideae I know from PA are A. phalloides and A. sturgeonii, and the mushrooms pictured do not look like either of these species. So, it looks like section Validae. The small size is wrong for A. brunnescens/aestivalis. So, I think this leaves two possibilities, A. solaniolens and A. lavendula group. Small size and early-season occurrence favors A. solaniolens. The darkest one is very likely an example of this species. The pale ones could psossibly be one of the species grouped under the heading A. lavendula group (formerly A. citrina). These types have globose/subglobose basal bulb similar to the ones seen in the photos. The basal bulb of A. solaniolens varies from specimen to specimen. Examples with roundish bulb are not uncommon. The basal bulb of A. lavendula is usually somewhat spongy/squishy, like a marshmallow. An interesting thing in genus Amanita is that at least some species occasionally occur in albino form. I think these are all A. solaniolens.
  9. Definitely Ganoderma tsugae. The stipe-like connection to the tree (hemlock) is typical for this species.
  10. My first guess when seeing these photos was "Lentinus levis". But the stem is not hairy and the gill edges appear to be somewhat jagged (sawtooth/serrated), which would be incorrect for L. levis (unless the appearance is due to something munching on it which looks like it may have been the case). The same things apply to the very similar Pleurotus dryinus. Other species of Pleurotus have softer flesh (this one looks kinda resilient). Neolentinus lepideus is similar and has serrated gills but grows on conifer wood, usually pine. .
  11. I think these are Cryptoporus volvatus, the "Veiled Polypore." If correct, then the underside of a given fruit body may be punctured and stripped away revealing a small chamber beneath a pore surface. https://www.mushroomexpert.com/cryptoporus_volvatus.html
  12. Species of mushrooms in the Coprinellus micaceus group are safe to cook and eat. In general, I don't know any Coprinellus species that are toxic. One thing to consider is that a beginner may misidentify a Coprinopsis mushroom as Coprinellus. At least some Coprinopsis species will cause illness if consumed before, during, or after alcohol is consumed. http://www.mushroomexpert.com/coprinopsis_atramentaria.html It is your decision whether or not to consume a given collection of wild mushrooms. My advise is to acquire a general knowledge of the wild mushrooms that are apt to occur in your area. There's a mushroom club in Colorado that would be helpful https://cmsweb.org/about/
  13. Species of Coprinellus, one of which is C. micaceus (Mica Caps). The one seen here nay be this species. Coprinellus mushrooms do not always turn into an inky substance. In dry weather they may just dehydrate and shrivel.
  14. I think this is a species of Neofavolus. The fairly large polygonal pores and consistently fan-shaped caps suggest this. Most field guides document Neofavolus alveolaris, which is usually orange-capped, at least at maturity. Recent research suggests the white ones may be a different species. I believe the name suggested is N. americanus. The ones seen here look to be very fresh/young. So, it may be that they will develop more pigment as they mature.
  15. We generally don't discuss psychoactive fungi on this website. For that type of information Shroomery is probably best. I don't know the species of the mushrooms pictured. Psilocybe cubensis is a common species in FL. But, the long thin stem and lack of partial veil seem wrong for this species.
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