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About vitog

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    Morchella Senior Member

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    Vancouver, BC, Canada
  • Interests
    Hiking, skiing, gardening, canoeing, fishing, crabbing

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  1. I think that Dave W missed the point about excreting a milky substance. These are probably Lactarius mushrooms, but I'm not at all familiar with eastern species.
  2. One thing to note about stem culture (often referred to as stem butt culture) is that it works best with young mushrooms, the younger the better. Also, if you have lots of young stem butts (with soil attached) but don't have the time to propagate the mycelium in cardboard, you can just plant the stem butts in an appropriate environment. This is probably not as successful as the cardboard technique, but it does work some of the time. I've had some success with Shaggy Parasol stem butts. For more information about stem butt culture, including a list of appropriate mushrooms to use, Mycelium Running by Paul Stamets is a good source.
  3. Low elevations and south facing slopes (with sunshine) should yield the earliest morels.
  4. This is very likely the Birch Polypore, Fomitopsis betulina, formerly Piptoporus betulinus, presumably an old specimen, since the pore surface is usually white. Michael Kuo in MushroomExpert.com says that the pore surface ages grayish brown.
  5. If all other conditions are favorable, the earliest morels come up after sufficient degree-days of heat have accumulated. This quantity can be calculated from weather records or can be obtained directly from maps available on the Web. If anyone is interested, please refer to this previous discussion: https://wildmushroomhunting.org/index.php?/topic/326-figuring-out-when-to-look-for-morels/&tab=comments#comment-223972.
  6. That's interesting. The spore print on white looks green on my computer screen. Concept9, what actual color did it seem to you?
  7. It seems a bit too small, but it looks like the green-spored Chlorophyllum molybdites, a poisonous species. It might be smaller than usual because it's growing in a pot, not its usual habitat.
  8. This doesn't look like a Chanterelle. It doesn't have the usual ribbing or false gills, although some Australian Chanterelles are smooth on the bottom of the cap. It's also growing on wood, which is not normal for Chanterelles, which are mycorrhizal. To me it looks like a polypore, but I don't have any idea what genus.
  9. That looks more like resin produced by wounds in the tree.
  10. Please note that melt is from London, Ontario, Canada.
  11. It should be noted that the large mushroom in the first photo is the same as the largest mushroom in the second and, therefore, has the same pink colored gills.
  12. Here in southwestern BC we experience clearcutting quite frequently. From personal experience I've found that most fungi just die when their mycorrhizal associate is killed and do not produce any mushrooms. The only exception that I can think of is morels, which sometimes do fruit after their host tree is cut down. However, this is relatively rare and may depend on the time of year when the clearcutting occured and/or the tree species. I've checked many forests in the spring after a clearcutting event and have had minimal success, essentially zero for conifers, which are the primary type of tree harvested here. The one exception that I've noted fairly consistently is when the host tree is a cottonwood. Practically the only yellow morels that I've found (not including burn morels) have been associated with either cut cottonwood stumps or cottonwood trees uprooted by wind events. The productivity of the uprooted trees may depend on the time of year that the windthrow occured and, of course, will depend on whether morel mycelia are present. I suspect that morel production will be more likely if the trees were downed during the summer or fall, the same time of year that forest fires occur. Cottonwoods that have been cut down are able to produce morels for at least the following 2 years, probably because the tree does not die immediately after being logged; the roots survive for some time afterwards. Fungi's response to clearcutting in eastern North America might be different, because many eastern forests are primarily deciduous.
  13. Oak trees are often used for cultivating Shiitake mushrooms and should be freshly cut to minimize contamination from other fungi. Here in southwestern Canada Alder logs are also used.
  14. According to MushroomExpert.com, Cantharellus cinnabarinus is found in eastern North America in hardwoods; and it's not listed in the mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest. The mushrooms in the photo were found near the west coast in an apparently coniferous forest, from the looks of the needles on the ground.
  15. Hen of the Woods usually refers to Grifola frondosa. These are usually called Chicken of the Woods, one of the Laetiporus species. They normally turn white as the age. I often see white remains of chickens all winter long and into spring.
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